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Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is highly protective in various pathophysiological states such as cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. HO-1-derived bilirubin is an efficient scavenger of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). It remains to determine whether conversion of biliverdin to bilirubin is an essential step for HO-1-conferred protection of(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (ATII), a potent vasoconstrictor, causes hypertension, promotes infiltration of myelomonocytic cells into the vessel wall, and stimulates both vascular and inflammatory cell NADPH oxidases. The predominant source of reactive oxygen species, eg, vascular (endothelial, smooth muscle, adventitial) versus phagocytic NADPH oxidase, and(More)
BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an inducible stress-responsive enzyme converting heme to bilirubin, carbon monoxide, and free iron, which exerts anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects. Although efficient cardioprotection after HO-1 overexpression has been reported in rodents, its role in attenuating post-ischemic inflammation is unclear. (More)
OBJECTIVE Besides its well-described metabolic effects, vascular AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) can activate endothelial NO synthase, promotes angiogenesis, and limits endothelial cell apoptosis. The current study was designed to study the effects of α1AMPK deletion during vascular disease in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic angiotensin II infusion(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is associated with vascular oxidative stress, activation of NADPH oxidase, and uncoupling of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (endothelial NO synthase [eNOS]). Pentaerithrityl tetranitrate (PETN) is an organic nitrate with potent antioxidant properties via induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). We tested whether treatment with PETN improves(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin (IL)-17A is regarded as an important cytokine to drive psoriasis, an inflammatory skin disease marked by increased cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to test the hypothesis that overproduction of IL-17A in the skin leading to dermal inflammation may systemically cause vascular dysfunction in psoriasis-like skin disease. APPROACH AND(More)
The interaction of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) with the human platelet was investigated with regard to saturable high-affinity binding, shape change, cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) turnover, and thromboxane B2 biosynthesis. The experiments show that LDL, at a concentration approximately 100 times lower than in plasma,(More)
OBJECTIVE In previous studies we and others have shown that streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats is associated with vascular oxidative stress and dysfunction. In the present study, we sought to determine whether vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress strictly depend on insulin deficiency. METHODS The effects of insulin (2.5 U/day s.c., 2(More)
It has recently been shown that human red blood cells possess a voltage-independent calcium channel which can be influenced by in vitro modification of the membraneous cholesterol content. To determine whether there is also a link between plasma lipids and the calcium influx through this channel under in vivo conditions, the calcium influx was measured in(More)
The present study compared protein-related sodium concentrations in lymphocytes with the sodium and calcium activities in erythrocytes from 12 untreated patients with essential hypertension and 15 normal control subjects. It appeared that protein-related Na+ in lymphocytes was elevated about threefold in essential hypertensives. Comparable increases were(More)