Maike Katharina Knackstedt

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Germline mutations in five autosomal genes involved in interleukin (IL)-12-dependent, interferon (IFN)-gamma-mediated immunity cause Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases (MSMD). The molecular basis of X-linked recessive (XR)-MSMD remains unknown. We report here mutations in the leucine zipper (LZ) domain of the NF-kappaB essential modulator(More)
No memories exist on one's time before birth. However, this does not imply that the developing fetus is not susceptible to external impulses. On the contrary, the fetus is extremely vulnerable e.g. to environmental challenges, and a wealth of data reveals that conditions in utero affect the health of the fetus before and after birth. Threats for the growing(More)
Stress is known to induce abortions in mice and humans, putatively via increased levels of abortogenic Th1 cytokines and a decrease of progesterone. Adequate levels of progesterone exert an antiabortive response through binding to the progesterone-receptor, which induces the release of progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) from lymphocytes. PIBF is(More)
PROBLEM We previously reported a diminished expression of the heme-degrading enzymes heme oxygenases (HO)-1 and HO-2 in decidua and placenta from mice undergoing Th1-mediated abortion, strongly indicating the protective effect of HO in murine pregnancy maintenance. Here we investigated whether the expression of HO-1 and HO-2 is also reduced at the(More)
PROBLEM Impaired trophoblast invasion during the first trimester of pregnancy is linked to spontaneous abortion, and defective invasion in the second trimester to hypertension + proteinuria (pre-eclampsia). Hypertension developing during the third trimester of human pregnancy represents, in part, a corrective response in the mother to provide adequate(More)
Despite the lack of insight on distinct mediators in the skin orchestrating the pathophysiological response to stress, hair loss has often been reported to be caused by stress. Recently we revealed the existence of a “brain-hair follicle axis” by characterizing the neurokinin (NK) substance P (SP) as a central element in the stress-induced threat to the(More)
PROBLEM The immune system contributes to the outcome of pregnancy by complex immunological interactions. Cytokines especially influence the immune milieu pro or contra pregnancy. T helper 1 (Th1) cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)] cause inflammation and together are thought to threaten the maintenance of(More)
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