Maike Anja Grosse Hartlage

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In this study we tested the hypothesis that inhalational administration of xenon improves recovery from myocardial stunning. Ten dogs were chronically instrumented for measurement of heart rate; left atrial, aortic, and left ventricular pressure; coronary blood-flow velocity; and myocardial wall-thickening fraction. Regional myocardial blood flow was(More)
HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the effects of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) on global and regional myocardial function and on perioperative coronary risk in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Prospective and randomized clinical trial blinded for the primary outcome measure of 73 patients scheduled for(More)
UNLABELLED This study was performed to determine the secretion pattern and prognostic value of A-type (ANP) and B-type (BNP) natriuretic peptide in patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures. We measured ANP and BNP in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with (n = 28) or without (n = 32) ventricular dysfunction and in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of pretreatment with hemin, an inducer of the potential antioxidative enzyme heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1) or heat-shock protein 32, on myocardial stunning. DESIGN Randomized animal study. SETTING Animal laboratory of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Chronically instrumented mongrel dogs (n = 44). INTERVENTIONS Dogs(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that naloxone, but not its quarternary salt, naloxone methiodide (which does not enter the central nervous system), improves recovery from myocardial stunning in conscious dogs. Twenty dogs were chronically instrumented for measurement of heart rate, left atrial, aortic and left ventricular pressure (LVP), LV dP x dtmax(-1)(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic ingestion of small doses of ethanol protects the myocardium from ischemic damage. It was demonstrated that short-term administration of ethanol (SAE) enhances the recovery of stunned myocardium in acutely instrumented, anesthetized dogs. It is unclear whether this beneficial effect of SAE also occurs in awake dogs. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND In order to minimize maternal trauma from open fetal surgery for prenatal coverage of fetal myelomeningoceles in humans, we assessed the feasibility of a percutaneous fetoscopic approach in sheep. METHODS In seven ewes between 90 and 100 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was postured and a(More)
The aim of this study was to find the fastest, easiest and safest method of achieving orotracheal intubation for general anaesthesia in laboratory pigs. Twenty-one Yorkshire x Landrace crossbreed male castrated pigs (32.9 +/- 4.8 kg) were investigated. Dorsal and ventral recumbency are the alternatives most frequently described for animal positioning during(More)
BACKGROUND In patients undergoing colonoscopy, naloxone has vasodilative properties. However, it remains unclear whether this effect is mediated by central or peripheral mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these effects are mediated by an effect of naloxone on the central nervous system. METHODS Twenty dogs were chronically(More)
During fetoscopic interventions, intraesophageal placement of intravascular ultrasound (US) catheters for fetal hemodynamic monitoring may result in esophageal injury in very small fetuses. Moreover, conventional fetal imaging by the transvaginal or transabdominal routes may be impossible in some high-risk pregnancies. The purpose of our study in sheep was(More)