Maija Wessman

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Migraine is a complex neurovascular disorder with substantial evidence supporting a genetic contribution. Prior attempts to localize susceptibility loci for common forms of migraine have not produced conclusive evidence of linkage or association. To date, no genomewide screen for migraine has been published. We report results from a genomewide screen of 50(More)
Migraine is a common episodic neurological disorder, typically presenting with recurrent attacks of severe headache and autonomic dysfunction. Apart from rare monogenic subtypes, no genetic or molecular markers for migraine have been convincingly established. We identified the minor allele of rs1835740 on chromosome 8q22.1 to be associated with migraine (P(More)
The commonly used "end diagnosis" phenotype that is adopted in linkage and association studies of complex traits is likely to represent an oversimplified model of the genetic background of a disease. This is also likely to be the case for common types of migraine, for which no convincingly associated genetic variants have been reported. In headache(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are characterized by their dual abilities to undergo differentiation into multiple hematopoietic cell lineages or to undergo self-renewal. The molecular basis of these properties remains poorly understood. Recently the piwi gene was found in the embryonic germline stem cells (GSCs) of Drosophila melanogaster and has been(More)
BACKGROUND Humans have an innate preference for sweet taste, but the degree of liking for sweet foods varies individually. OBJECTIVE The proportion of inherited sweet taste preference was studied. A genome-wide linkage analysis was performed to locate the underlying genetic elements in the genome. DESIGN A total of 146 subjects (32% men, 68% women) aged(More)
In recent years, many genomewide screens have been performed, to identify novel loci predisposing to various complex diseases. Often, only a portion of the collected clinical data from the study subjects is used in the actual analysis of the trait, and much of the phenotypic data is ignored. With proper consent, these data could subsequently be used in(More)
Although family and twin studies show that there is a genetic component to migraine, no genes predisposing to common forms of the disorder have been identified. The most encouraging findings have emerged from the identification of genes causing rare mendelian traits that phenotypically resemble migraine. These studies have pointed migraine research towards(More)
This report identifies human skeletal diseases associated with mutations in WNT1. In 10 family members with dominantly inherited, early-onset osteoporosis, we identified a heterozygous missense mutation in WNT1, c.652T→G (p.Cys218Gly). In a separate family with 2 siblings affected by recessive osteogenesis imperfecta, we identified a homozygous nonsense(More)
A number of missense mutations in the ATP1A2 gene, which encodes the Na,K-ATPase alpha2 subunit, have been identified in familial hemiplegic migraine with aura. Loss of function and haploinsufficiency have been the suggested mechanisms in mutants for which functional analysis has been reported. This paper describes a kinetic analysis of mutant T345A,(More)
Myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 are autosomal dominant, multisystemic disorders with many similarities in their clinical manifestations. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is caused by a (CTG)n expansion in the 3' untranslated region of the DMPK gene in 19q13.3 and myotonic dystrophy type 2 by a (CCTG)n expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9 in 3q21.3. However, the clinical(More)