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AIMS Streptomycetes are regarded to prefer neutral to alkaline environmental pH, although they commonly occur at remarkably variable pH and nutritional conditions. Therefore, the dependence of 10 Streptomyces spp. pH tolerance on nutrients was determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Ten environmental Streptomyces spp. were grown and sporulated between pH 4.0 and(More)
We compared the inflammatory and cytotoxic responses caused by household mold and bacteria in human and mouse cell lines. We studied the fungi Aspergillus versicolor, Penicillium spinulosum, and Stachybotrys chartarum and the bacteria Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Streptomyces californicus for their cytotoxicity and ability to stimulate the(More)
The metabolite profiles of 20 Stachybotrys spp.isolates from Finnish water-damaged buildings were compared with their biological activities. Effects of purified compounds on cytotoxicity and production of inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide, IL-6 and TNFα in murine RAW264.7 macrophage cells were studied. The 11isolates belonging to the(More)
Several epidemiological studies have described an association between adverse health effects and exposure to mould and microbes present in the indoor air of moisture-damaged buildings. However, the biochemical linkage between microbial exposure and the large variety of reported respiratory symptoms is poorly understood. In the present study, the authors(More)
The ability of different strains of the fungus Stachybotrys, isolated from mold problem buildings, to induce cytotoxicity and production of important inflammatory mediators, i.e. nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in RAW264.7 macrophages were studied. Several strains of Stachybotrys sp.(More)
We investigated the cytotoxic and inflammatory activities of size-segregated particulate samples (particulate matter, PM) from contrasting air pollution situations in Europe. Coarse (PM10-2.5), fine (PM2.5-0.2), and ultrafine (PM0.2) particulate samples were collected with a modified Harvard high-volume cascade impactor (HVCI). Mouse RAW 264.7 macrophages(More)
Current levels of ambient air fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) are associated with mortality and morbidity in urban populations worldwide. In residential areas wood combustion is one of the main sources of PM(2.5) emissions, especially during wintertime. However, the adverse health effects of particulate emissions from the modern heating appliances and(More)
Multiple studies show that particulate mass (PM) generated from incomplete wood combustion may induce adverse health issues in humans. Previous findings have shown that also the PM from efficient wood combustion may induce enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, and cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. Underlying factors of these(More)
The authors have previously demonstrated heterogeneities in the inflammatory activities of urban air fine (PM(2.5-0.2)) and coarse (PM(10-2.5)) particulate samples collected from six European cities with contrasting air pollution situations. The same samples (10 mg/kg) were intratracheally instilled to healthy C57BL/6J mice either once or repeatedly on days(More)
Cerebral regional inositol, inositol-1-phosphate (Ins1P), and inositol-4-phosphate (Ins4P), intermediates in phosphoinositide (PI) cycle, and brain lithium levels were studied in male Han:Wistar rats 24 hr after an intraperitoneal injection of a single dose (2.5-18 mEq./kg) of LiCl. A dose of LiCl higher than 5 mEq/kg caused a remarkable accumulation of Li+(More)