Maija Pohjavuori

Learn More
The mismatch negativity (MMN) is a pre-attentive change-specific component of the event-related brain potentials (ERPs). During the last decade this response has been intensively studied in adults, but investigations in children and especially in infants are still rare. Recent studies, however, have shown that MMN is also elicited in infants in response to(More)
Speech sounds elicited electric brain responses in healthy premature infants born 30-35 weeks after conception, demonstrating that the human brain is able to discriminate speech sounds even at this early age, well before term, and supporting previous results suggesting that the human fetus may learn to discriminate sounds while still in the womb. We(More)
A Candida parapsilosis outbreak of 58 cases in a neonatal intensive care unit lasted for 55 months. Patients infected by or colonized with C. parapsilosis were mainly very low birth weight infants (birth weight < 1500 g). Their mean birth weight was 817 g and their mean gestational age was 28 weeks. Statistical analysis including logistic regression(More)
The performance of three scoring systems for assessing mortality risk for neonates--clinical risk index for babies (CRIB), score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP), and SNAP's perinatal extension (SNAP-PE)--were tested in the same set of patients. In 222 neonates weighing less than 1500 g at birth, CRIB scores were significantly better for assessing(More)
According to preliminary results inositol (INO) is an important nutrient to immature preterm infants (J Pediatr 1987; 110:604). However, it is absent in nutrition of critically ill very low birth weight infants. In a present randomized double blind trial INO or glucose (70–100 mg/kg/day) was given to altogether 230 preterm infants (gestation 24 to 31 w,(More)
The effect of the mode of delivery on the plasma concentration of immunoreactive beta-endorphin (irbeta-E) and cortisol was studied in 27 newborn infants, 10 delivered by caesarean section and 17 by spontaneous vaginal labour. After elective caesarean section, the mean plasma concentration of cortisol rose from 227 +/- 27 nmol/l (S.E.) at birth to 705 +/-(More)
BACKGROUND Inositol influences cellular function and organ maturation. Feeding premature infants inositol-rich breast milk increases their serum inositol concentrations. Whether inositol supplementation benefits infants receiving fluids for parenteral nutrition, which are inositol-free, is not known. METHODS We carried out a placebo-controlled,(More)
We undertook a randomized, controlled trial to determine whether human surfactant administered endotracheally at birth to very premature infants (gestational age, 24 to 29 weeks) would prevent the respiratory distress syndrome or reduce its severity. Thirty-one treated infants (birth weight, 938 +/- 286 g) were compared in a blinded fashion with 29 control(More)
OBJECTIVE To find a dose of fluconazole for very low birth weight infants during an outbreak of Candida parapsilosis. METHODS Twelve premature infants (mean gestational age, 27.4 weeks; mean birth weight, 912 gm) receiving fluconazole prophylactically from the first day of life were enrolled in an open phase I-II pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerance(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate in preterm infants the effect of dexamethasone on hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), an epithelial cell mitogen, and on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an endothelial cell mitogen, in tracheal aspirate fluid (TAF). METHODS Thirty preterm infants (birth weight: 1000-1500 g) with respiratory distress syndrome were randomized to(More)