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Pig production is concentrated in large farms, increasing the need to export excess nutrients, so manure separation would be useful to concentrate the nutrients. We examined the physicochemical properties of pig manure pertinent to flocculation and separation. Manures from three farms were stored for 3 months at 13 degrees C. The organic pools in the manure(More)
Pig slurry separation is a slurry treatment technique that can reduce excess loads of P, Cu and Zn to the arable land. This study investigated the effects of different commercial and laboratory separation treatments for pig slurry on P, Cu and Zn distribution into solid and liquid fractions. Solid and liquid separation fractions were collected from two(More)
Solid liquid separation of animal slurry is a method to reduce the excess nutrient loads from intensive livestock production. Five different separation technologies (sedimentation, centrifugation, pressurized filtration, polymer flocculation and drainage, and iron chloride addition + polymer flocculation and drainage) were applied to pig and cattle slurry(More)
Ammonia emissions are a major problem associated with animal slurry management, and solutions to overcome this problem are required worldwide by farmers and stakeholders. An obvious way to minimize ammonia emissions from slurry is to decrease slurry pH by addition of acids or other substances. This solution has been used commonly since 2010 in countries(More)
The effects of polymer flocculation before manure separation were investigated, through testing both a linear and a branched polymer. Centrifugation removed 60% of phosphorus from raw manure (control), whereas raw manure clogged the filters during gravity drainage and pressure filtration. At optimum flocculation, 95% of phosphorus was removed using any of(More)
Application of an extruder to increase the methane yield in a biogas production was examined, and large potential was proved. An extruder was tested on five agricultural biomass types, represented by 13 samples. The samples were analyzed for temperature, maximum particle size, biogas potential, and energy consumption. The extruder treatment increased(More)
Slurry can be oxidized to eliminate undesirable emissions, including malodorous hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S). However, it is difficult to assess the optimal amount of oxidizing agent required. In this study, one cow and one pig manure, each in three particle size ranges were oxidized with 0-350 mg ozone/L manure. Redox and H(2)S concentration were measured(More)
A new, easy, rapid and relatively inexpensive method using microscopy has been developed for the detection of herbicide effects in leaves of grass weed species displaying no visual signs of damage. The method has potential to be used as a tool to indicate future death of grass species due to herbicide exposure by observing phytochemical effects, i.e.(More)
Solid-liquid separation with flocculation can be used as pre-treatment for reverse osmosis (RO) filtration as it produces a liquid fraction (LF) low in suspended solids (SS). However, residual polymers in the LF may foul the membrane. Membrane fouling during RO filtration of swine wastewater containing polymers was investigated with respect to polymer(More)
Miscanthus x giganteus was harvested as both green and mature biomass and the dry matter content of the driest harvest was artificially decreased by adding water in two subsamples, giving a total of five dry matter contents. All five biomass types were mechanically pretreated by roller-milling, extrusion or grinding and accumulated methane production and(More)