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OBJECTIVES While multiple studies have demonstrated variations in the quality of cancer care in the USA, payers are increasingly assessing structure-level and process-level measures to promote quality improvement. Hospital-acquired adverse events are one such measure and we examine their national trends after major cancer surgery. DESIGN Retrospective,(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 1.7 million individuals per year are affected with health care-associated infections (HAIs) in the United States. The authors examined trends in the incidence of HAI after major cancer surgery (MCS) and risk factors for HAI to describe the effects of HAI on mortality after MCS. METHODS Patients undergoing 1 of 8 MCS procedures(More)
Numerous studies have recorded racial disparities in access to care for major cancers. We investigate contemporary national disparities in the quality of perioperative surgical oncological care using a nationally representative sample of American patients and hypothesize that disparities in the quality of surgical oncological care also exists. A(More)
IMPORTANCE There is limited data on the prevalence and mortality of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following oncologic surgery. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the trends, factors, and mortality of VTE following major cancer surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Patients undergoing colectomy, cystectomy, esophagectomy, gastrectomy, hysterectomy, lung(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer is associated with a poor prognosis. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) have improved survival compared to systemic chemotherapy. We evaluate the results of this treatment in our institution. METHODS Treatment consisted of complete CRS followed(More)
OBJECTIVES Among considerable efforts to improve quality of surgical care, expedited measures such as a selective referral to high-volume institutions have been advocated. Our objective was to examine whether racial, insurance and/or socioeconomic disparities exist in the use of high-volume hospitals for complex surgical oncological procedures within the(More)
BACKGROUND The "July effect" refers to the phenomenon of adverse impacts on patient care arising from the changeover in medical staff that takes place during this month at academic medical centres in North America. There has been some evidence supporting the presence of the July effect, including data from surgical specialties. Uniformity of care,(More)
BACKGROUND Local recurrence after breast conserving surgery is reported in 5-10% of cases. This study aims to determine if preoperative MRI is associated with reduced IBTR rates in the longer term and evaluate IBTR rates of a high risk (TN and Her-2 positive) subgroup in those receiving MRI or not. METHODS Between 1999 and 2005, patients with invasive(More)