Mai A. Sarraj

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The development of a normal ovary during foetal life is essential for the production and ovulation of a high-quality oocyte in adult life. Early in embryogenesis, the primordial germ cells (PGCs) migrate to and colonise the genital ridges. Once the PGCs reach the bipotential gonad, the absence of the sex-determining region on the Y chromosome (SRY) gene and(More)
Activin affects many aspects of cellular development, including those essential for reproductive fitness. This study examined the contribution of activin A to murine fetal testicular development, revealing contrasting outcomes of activin actions on Sertoli cells and gonocytes. Shortly after sex determination, from Embryonic Day 12.5 (E12.5) through to birth(More)
The sex of most mammals is determined by the action of SRY. Its presence initiates testis formation resulting in male differentiation, its absence results in ovary formation and female differentiation. We have used suppression subtraction hybridisation between 12.0-12.5 days postcoitum (dpc) mouse testes and ovaries to identify genes that potentially lie(More)
Betaglycan (Tgfbr3) is a coreceptor for transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB) superfamily ligands. In the current study, a defect in seminiferous cord formation was detected in 12.5-13.5 days postcoitum (dpc) beta glycan null murine testis. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies against cell-specific markers revealed defects in somatic cell populations. To(More)
TGFBR3 (betaglycan), a TGFbeta superfamily coreceptor, is essential for normal seminiferous cord and Leydig cell development in the fetal mouse testis and has been associated with testicular dysgenesis syndrome in men. However, the mechanisms underlying TGFBR3-regulated testis development are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that loss of Tgfbr3 compromises(More)
We present a detailed study of the expression pattern of WD repeat and SOCS box-containing 2 (Wsb2) in mouse embryonic and adult gonads. Wsb2 was previously identified in a differential screen aimed at identifying the genes involved in male- and female-specific gonadal development. Wsb2 expression was analysed during mouse gonadogenesis by real-time PCR,(More)
Betaglycan is an accessory receptor for the transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) superfamily, many members of which play key roles in kidney development. The purpose of this study was to define the role of this co-receptor on fetal murine kidney development. Stereological examination of embryonic and adult betaglycan heterozygous kidneys revealed augmented(More)
The number of primordial follicles initially established within the ovary is influenced by the extent of germ cell death during foetal ovarian development, but the mechanisms that mediate this death have not been fully uncovered. In this study, we identified BBC3 (PUMA) (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis, also known as BCL2-binding component 3), a(More)
Activin A and its inhibitors follistatin and inhibin play key roles in development and function of the male reproductive tract. Quantitative (q) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of Inhba (the gene encoding activin A subunits), Inha and Inhbb (genes encoding the inhibin B subunits), as well as the genes for follistatin(More)
Importin (IMP) superfamily members mediate regulated nucleocytoplasmic transport, which is central to key cellular processes. Although individual IMPα proteins exhibit dynamic synthesis and subcellular localization during cellular differentiation, including during spermatogenesis, little is known of how this affects cell fate. To investigate how IMPαs(More)