Mahwash Babar

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OBJECTIVES:To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms of the interleukin-18 (IL-18) pathway to Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Most cases of EAC arise in a background of reflux-induced BE. Genetic influences in this pathway are poorly understood. IL-18 is a multifunctional cytokine implicated in anti-tumor(More)
BACKGROUND There is a global shortage of medical manpower. One approach to resolve such deficiencies is to effectively promote health careers to high-school students. Summer programmes held by medical faculties provide ideal opportunities for pre-medical students to examine the possible career opportunities in medicine. METHODS The Royal College of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the effectiveness of serratus plane block performed under direct vision on postoperative pain after mastectomy. DESIGN We performed a retrospective study of elective breast surgery patients undergoing mastectomy over 6 months. We collected data on the outcomes for the pain score and use of analgesia in recovery, the use of(More)
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