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Alzheimer’s disease is considered a progressive brain disease in the older population. Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD) as a multifactorial dementia has a polygenic inheritance. Age, environment, and lifestyle along with a growing number of genetic factors have been reported as risk factors for LOAD. Our aim was to present results of LOAD association(More)
Parkinson disease is a prevalent progressive neurodegenerative disorder, especially in western countries and among the elderly. This study aimed at evaluating serum iron and ferritin in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease. In this case-control study, 50 patients with clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease (case group) were evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common cause of sleep disturbance frequently experienced by hemodialysis patients. It is a neurological movement disorder. Patients with RLS suffer an irresistible urge to move the legs during inactivity with relief by motion and various activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS We investigated the clinical course of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia which affects people older than 60 years of age. In AD, the dysregulation of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) level leads to the appearance of senile plaques which contain Aβ depositions. Aβ is a complex biological molecule which interacts with many types of receptors and/or forms insoluble assemblies(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain a better insight into the effect of the epsilon (e) 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) on the risk of late onset Alzheimer`s disease (LOAD), and assess its heterogeneity in geographic regions. METHODS We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of available studies. An electronic and manual search of international and(More)
Given the conflicting results about the positive effects of magnesium and l-carnitine and as there is no report concerning concurrent supplementation of magnesium and l-carnitine on migraine prophylaxis, the effects of magnesium, l-carnitine, and concurrent magnesium–l-carnitine supplementation on migraine indicators were assessed. In this clinical trial,(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in older population. Growing evidence of genetic background that predisposes individuals to AD has been reported as the risk factors in recent years. The Department of Medical Genetics and the Immunology Research Centre investigated the distribution of 11 polymorphisms in 160 patients with late(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) seem to play an integral role in the progress and/or prevention of Alzheimer׳s diseases (AD). Functional abnormalities and problems in biogenesis and trafficking of nAChRs are two major culprits in AD; on the other hand, chaperones modulate post-translational changes in nAChRs. Moreover, they indirectly regulate(More)
BACKGROUND Recent findings suggest that production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α), is increased in the brain tissue of patients suffering late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) and play an important role in the pathogenesis of this disease. Several epidemiological studies also suggest that patients taking(More)