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Alzheimer’s disease is considered a progressive brain disease in the older population. Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD) as a multifactorial dementia has a polygenic inheritance. Age, environment, and lifestyle along with a growing number of genetic factors have been reported as risk factors for LOAD. Our aim was to present results of LOAD association(More)
Parkinson disease is a prevalent progressive neurodegenerative disorder, especially in western countries and among the elderly. This study aimed at evaluating serum iron and ferritin in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease. In this case-control study, 50 patients with clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease (case group) were evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain a better insight into the effect of the epsilon (e) 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) on the risk of late onset Alzheimer`s disease (LOAD), and assess its heterogeneity in geographic regions. METHODS We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of available studies. An electronic and manual search of international and(More)
Given the conflicting results about the positive effects of magnesium and l-carnitine and as there is no report concerning concurrent supplementation of magnesium and l-carnitine on migraine prophylaxis, the effects of magnesium, l-carnitine, and concurrent magnesium–l-carnitine supplementation on migraine indicators were assessed. In this clinical trial,(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia which affects people older than 60 years of age. In AD, the dysregulation of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) level leads to the appearance of senile plaques which contain Aβ depositions. Aβ is a complex biological molecule which interacts with many types of receptors and/or forms insoluble assemblies(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common cause of sleep disturbance frequently experienced by hemodialysis patients. It is a neurological movement disorder. Patients with RLS suffer an irresistible urge to move the legs during inactivity with relief by motion and various activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS We investigated the clinical course of(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic neurological disease, frequently affecting cognitional functions. Recently, a large body of neuro-imaging studies have aimed at finding reliable biomarkers of AD for early diagnosis of disease in contrast with healthy elderlies. We intended to have a meta-analytical study on recent functional neuroimaging studies to find(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating disease of the central nervous system. Its etiology is still an unanswered enigma; its symptoms are varied and unpredictable; and there is no cure for it. Genetics has been introduced as a contributing factor to MS. Not only may MS stem from nuclear gene variations/mutations, but also it may arise from mitochondrial(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that infects all nucleate cells of vertebrates. Human infected by vertical transmission and also using raw or undercooked meat or food and water that contaminated with mature oocysts. Parkinson's disease as neurodegenerative disease affects people above 60 years. Due to high prevalence of toxoplasmosis(More)