Mahmut T. Kandemir

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A large portion of the power budget in server environments goes into the I/O subsystem the disk array in particular. Traditional approaches to disk power management involve completely stopping the disk rotation, which can take a considerable amount of time, making them less useful in cases where idle times between disk requests may not be long enough to(More)
Long interconnects are becoming an increasingly important problem from both power and performance perspectives. This motivates designers to adopt on-chip network-based communication infrastructures and three-dimensional (3D) designs where multiple device layers are stacked together. Considering the current trends towards increasing use of chip(More)
P ower consumption is now the major technical problem facing the semiconductor industry. In comments on this problem at the 2002 International Electron Devices Meeting, Intel chairman Andrew Grove cited off-state current leakage in particular as a limiting factor in future microprocessor integration. Off-state leakage is static power, current that leaks(More)
In this paper, we explore the possibility of using STT-RAM technology to completely replace DRAM in main memory. Our goal is to make STT-RAM performance comparable to DRAM while providing substantial power savings. Towards this goal, we first analyze the performance and energy of STT-RAM, and then identify key optimizations that can be employed to improve(More)
General-purpose graphics processing units (GPGPUs) are at their best in accelerating computation by exploiting abundant thread-level parallelism (TLP) offered by many classes of HPC applications. To facilitate such high TLP, emerging programming models like CUDA and OpenCL allow programmers to create work abstractions in terms of smaller work units, called(More)
Emerging GPGPU architectures, along with programming models like CUDA and OpenCL, offer a cost-effective platform for many applications by providing high thread level parallelism at lower energy budgets. Unfortunately, for many general-purpose applications, available hardware resources of a GPGPU are not efficiently utilized, leading to lost opportunity in(More)
Optimizations aimed at improving the efficiency of on-chip memories are extremely important. We propose a compiler-controlled dynamic on-chip scratch-pad memory (SPM) management framework that uses both loop and data transformations. Experimental results obtained using a generic cost model indicate significant reductions in data transfer activity between(More)
In this paper, we presen t the design and use of a comprehensiv e framework, <italic>SimplePower</italic>, for ev aluating the effect of high-level algorithmic, architectural, and compilation trade-offs on energy. An execution-driven, cycle-accurate RT lev el energy estimation tool that uses transition sensitive energy models forms the cornerstone of this(More)
Main memory is a major shared resource among cores in a multicore system. If the interference between different applications' memory requests is not controlled effectively, system performance can degrade significantly. Previous work aimed to mitigate the problem of interference between applications by changing the scheduling policy in the memory controller,(More)
Energy-efficiency and reliability are two major design constraints influencing next generation system designs. In this work, we focus on the interaction between power consumption and reliability considering the on-chip data caches. First, we investigate the impact of two commonly used architectural-level leakage reduction approaches on the data reliability.(More)