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Recently, we isolated a novel Syrian hamster cDNA clone that encodes a protein which has been named CYP3A31. In primary hepatocyte cultures, CYP3A31 is dramatically induced by phenobarbital. To elucidate the mechanism of this induction, we first studied the effects of cAMP on phenobarbital-induced CYP3A31 expression using forskolin and N6,O2'-dibutyryl cAMP(More)
A clone, encoding a cytochrome P450 protein consisting of 501 amino acids, was isolated from a cDNA library constructed from mRNA of Syrian hamster liver. The deduced amino acid sequence of this clone showed a high homology (65 to 81%) with other mammalian CYP3As and hence, this novel isozyme was named CYP3A31. By Northern blotting, using an oligonucleotide(More)
Induction mode of the hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes was studied in Corn snake (Elaphe guttata emoryi). Treatment of snakes with 3-methylcholanthrene or phenobarbital produced no effects on liver weight and total content of cytochromes P450 and b5. Treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene significantly induced the activities of arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase,(More)
Expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes by vitamin A-deficient or -supplemented diet was studied in Syrian hamsters. In male hamsters given a vitamin A-supplemented diet at a level of 250 IU/g-diet for 6 weeks, a marked increase in the activity of testosterone 7 alpha-hydroxylase was observed, accompanied by an elevation in the level of protein(More)
Research Team and Description Every year thousands of people suffer from brain injuries and stroke, and develop motor, sensory and cognitive problems as a result of neuronal loss in the brain. Unfortunately, the damaged brain has a limited ability to enact repair; and current modes of treatment are not sufficient to offset the damage. At present, two main(More)
The effects of a single injection (40 mg/kg) of 4'-trifluoromethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CF3) on hepatic cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases were assessed in rat and syrian hamster. The CF3 treatment significantly increased the total amount of cytochrome P-450 in both species. In rats, CF3 treatment caused marked increases in ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase(More)
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