Mahmoud Reza Jaafari

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Cationic liposomes have been used as efficient antigen delivery systems for cancer vaccination. The current study has investigated whether the incorporation of the helper-fusogenic lipid dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) in cationic liposomes composed of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium propane (DOTAP)-cholesterol enhances the cytosolic delivery of p5(More)
Two new sesquiterpene coumarins, named szowitsiacoumarin A (1) and szowitsiacoumarin B (2), and a phenylpropanoid derivative, 2-epihelmanticine (3), together with nine known compounds, auraptene (4), umbelliprenin (5), galbanic acid (6), methyl galbanate (7), farnesiferol B (8), farnesiferol C (9), persicasulfide A (10), beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol(More)
In this study the ability of recombinant gp63 entrapped in liposomes to induce immune response and protection against L. major infection in susceptible BALB/c mice was studied. Liposomes containing rgp63 (Lip-rgp63) were prepared from egg lecithin and cholesterol using detergent solubilization method. Immunization of BALB/c mice with rgp63 alone conferred a(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antileishmanial effects of topical liposomal paromomycin sulfate (PM) in Leishmania major-infected BALB/c mice. Liposomes containing 10 or 15% PM (Lip-PM-10 and Lip-PM-15, respectively) were prepared by the fusion method and were characterized for their size and encapsulation efficiency. The penetration of PM from(More)
Leishmania infection continues to have a major impact on public health inducing significant morbidity and mortality mostly in the poorest populations. Drug resistance, toxicity and side effects associated with expensive chemotherapeutic treatments and difficult reservoir control emphasize the need for a safe and effective vaccine which is not available yet.(More)
A suitable adjuvant and delivery system are needed to develop an effective vaccine against leishmaniasis. To induce a Th1 type of response and protection in BALB/c mice against Leishmania major infection, 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) nanoliposomes bearing an intrinsic adjuvanticity, were used as an antigen delivery system and(More)
Various adjuvants and delivery systems have been evaluated for increasing the protective immune responses against leishmaniasis and mostly have been shown not to be effective enough. In this study, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanospheres as an antigen delivery system and CpG-ODN as an immunoadjuvant have been used for the first time to enhance the(More)
CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) have been shown to have potent adjuvant activity for a wide range of antigens. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential benefit of using liposomes as a delivery vehicle to enhance the adjuvant activity of CpG ODN with Leishmania major stress-inducible protein 1 (LmSTI1) antigen in induction of the Th1(More)
PURPOSE Intravitreal injections can cause several ocular complications, including vitreous hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, and cataract, and clearly repeated injections can multiply the risk of these complications. Bevacizumab is used for the treatment of different ocular diseases. For improvement of drug availability after intravitreal(More)
Protection against leishmaniasis is depending upon generation of a Th1 type of immune response. Field trials of first generation Leishmania vaccine showed a limited efficacy even with multiple doses mainly due to lack of an appropriate adjuvant. In this study, susceptible BALB/c mice were immunized with rLmSTI1 encapsulated in liposomes to explore the(More)