Mahmoud Moradi

Learn More
Membrane transporters actively translocate their substrate by undergoing large-scale structural transitions between inward- (IF) and outward-facing (OF) states ('alternating-access' mechanism). Despite extensive structural studies, atomic-level mechanistic details of such structural transitions, and as importantly, their coupling to chemical events(More)
Folded polyproline peptides can exist as either left-(PPII) or right-handed (PPI) helices, depending on their environment. In this work, we have characterized the conformations and the free energy landscapes of Ace-(Pro)(n)-Nme, n=2,3, ... ,9, and 13 peptides both in vacuo and in an implicit solvent environment. In order to enhance the sampling provided by(More)
The potassium channel KcsA offers a unique opportunity to explicitly study the dynamics of the moving parts of ion channels, yet our understanding of the extent and dynamic behavior of the physiologically relevant structural changes at the inner gate in KcsA remains incomplete. Here, we use electron paramagnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, and(More)
During their transport cycle, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters undergo large-scale conformational changes between inward- and outward-facing states. Using an approach based on designing system-specific reaction coordinates and using nonequilibrium work relations, we have performed extensive all-atom molecular dynamics simulations in the presence of(More)
Active transport of materials across the cellular membrane is one the most fundamental processes in biology. In order to accomplish this task, membrane transporters rely on a wide range of conformational changes spanning multiple time and size scales. These molecular events govern key functional aspects in membrane transporters, namely, coordinated gating(More)
The structure of the proline amino acid allows folded polyproline peptides to exist as both left- (PPII) and right-handed (PPI) helices. We have characterized the free energy landscapes of hexamer, nanomer, and tridecamer polyproline peptides in gas phase and implicit water as well as explicit hexane and 1-propanol for the nanomer. To enhance the sampling(More)
ATP synthase is the most prominent bioenergetic macromolecular motor in all life forms, utilizing the proton gradient across the cell membrane to fuel the synthesis of ATP. Notwithstanding the wealth of available biochemical and structural information inferred from years of experiments, the precise molecular mechanism whereby vacuolar (V-type) ATP synthase(More)
Since its discovery in 1979, left-handed Z-DNA has evolved from an in vitro curiosity to a challenging DNA structure with crucial roles in gene expression, regulation and recombination. A fundamental question that has puzzled researchers for decades is how the transition from B-DNA, the prevalent right-handed form of DNA, to Z-DNA is accomplished. Due to(More)
There has been considerable debate about the intrinsic PPII propensity of amino-acid residues in denatured polypeptides. Experimentally, the propensity scale is based on the behavior of guest amino-acid residues placed in the middle of polyproline hosts. We have used classical molecular dynamics simulations, with state-of-the-art force fields to carry out a(More)
There has been considerable debate about the intrinsic PPII propensity of amino acid residues in denatured polypeptides. Experimentally, this scale is based on the behavior of guest amino acid residues placed in the middle of proline-based hosts. We have used classical molecular dynamics simulations combined with replica-exchange methods to carry out a(More)