Mahmoud Lotfinia

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The release of inflammatory mediators following cortical spreading depression (CSD) is suggested to play a role in pathophysiology of CSD-related neurological disorders. Toll-like receptors (TLR) are master regulators of innate immune function and involved in the activation of inflammatory responses in the brain. TLR3 agonist poly I:C exerts(More)
Social isolation has significant long-term psychological and physiological consequences. Both social isolation and traumatic brain injury (TBI) alter normal brain function and structure. However, the influence of social isolation on recovery from TBI is unclear. This study aims to evaluate if social isolation exacerbates the anatomical and functional(More)
Abstract Cortical spreading depression (CSD) has been suggested to underlie some neurological disorders such as migraine. Despite the intensity with which many investigators have studied SD in the brain, only a few studies have aimed to identify SD in the spinal cord. Here we described the main characteristic features of SD in the spinal cord induced by(More)
The anticonvulsant effect of cannabinoid compound has been shown in various models of seizure. On the other hand, there are controversial findings about the role of large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Also, there is no data regarding the effect of co-administration of cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor(More)
Methods Wistar rat (60-80gr) randomly chosen and 3 mol/L KCl injected for induction of SD. Four weeks after the first injection, all rats were decapitated and the brains removed. The density of mitotic cells, divided cells, and new neurons in the pyramidal cell layer of hippocampal CA1 and CA3 and granular cell layer of dentate gyrus was assessed. We also(More)
Abstract Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. SAS can cause drowsiness and lack of concentration during driving due to sleep deprivation. Patients with clinical features of SAS and self-reported sleep attacks at the wheel do poorly in simulated monotonous driving. The goal of this(More)
Introduction Spreading depression (SD) is known by transient loss of spontaneous and evoked neuronal activity and changes in ionic, metabolic and hemodynamic characteristics of the brain. It has been shown that repetitive SD produced memory deficits in juvenile rats. Furthermore, the role of Ca2+channels on induction and propagation of SD was investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Colloid cyst is a gelatin-containing cyst in the brain almost always found in the third ventricle. The specific shape and location of these cysts, a round well-delineated mass in the rostral part of the third ventricle adjacent to the foramen of Monro, on imaging are the main findings for diagnosis. Several masses of the third ventricle(More)
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