Mahmoud Ezzat Ibrahim

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The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in Egypt circulated continuously after its introduction in February 2006 with substantial economic losses and frequent human infections. Phylogenetic analysis of the available HA sequences revealed the presence of two main sublineages; the classic 2.2.1 and the variant 2.2.1.1. The classic 2.2.1 had(More)
BACKGROUND A field experiment was conducted during the two winter seasons of 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 to evaluate the yield and its components, milling, technological and rheological characteristics as well as the correlation between these characteristics of eight bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars (Gemmeiza 7, Gemmeiza 9, Gemmeiza 10, Sakha 92,(More)
Data centers are facilities that house large numbers of computer servers that dissipate high power. Due to varying operational loads their efficient thermal management is a big challenge that needs to be addressed. Computational modeling using a CFD code is a very useful technique for studying the cooling requirements for different data center power loading(More)
Data centers are the facilities that house large number of computer servers that dissipate high power. Considering the dynamics of the data centers, their efficient thermal management is a big challenge that needs to be addressed. Computational analyses using a CFD code is very useful technique that helps the engineer to understand and solve the data center(More)
The H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus was isolated for the first time in Egypt in 2006, since then, the virus has become endemic causing a significant threat to the poultry industry and humans. H5N1 HPAI outbreaks continue to occur despite extensive vaccination programs that have been implemented nationwide in different poultry species.(More)
Frequent transmission of swine influenza viruses (SIVs) to turkeys has been reported since 1980s. Experimental studies also showed that SIVs can infect turkeys with varying replication and transmission efficiency depending on the strain. However, host factors involved in infection/replication efficiency remain unclear. To investigate whether the immune(More)
To assess the capability of urothelium to proliferate, creep and line the inner surface of the interposed seromuscular tapered ileal tube. Under general anesthesia, 15 female dogs underwent resection of 5 cm of the mid ureter and replaced with tapered seromuscular ileal tube stented for 6 weeks. The animals were sacrificed, and cross section of the ileal(More)
Turkey coronavirus (TCoV) infection causes enteritis in turkeys of varying ages with high mortality in young birds. In older birds, field evidence indicates the possible involvement of TCoV in egg-production drops in turkey hens. However, no experimental studies have been conducted to demonstrate TCoV pathogenesis in turkey hens and its effect on(More)
Several different enteric viruses have been identified as the causes of gastrointestinal infections in poultry. Enteric virus infections are well characterized in poults, but limited studies have been conducted in older birds. The susceptibility of 2-, 7-, 12-, 30-, and 52-wk-old turkeys to turkey coronavirus (TCoV) and turkey astrovirus (TAstV) was(More)
The current inactivated influenza vaccines provide satisfactory protection against homologous viruses but limited cross-protection against antigenically divergent strains. Consequently, there is a need to develop more broadly protective vaccines. The highly conserved extracellular domain of the matrix protein 2 (M2e) has shown promising results as one of(More)