Mahmood J. Azhar

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Carboxymethylcellulases (CMCases) fromAspergillus niger andCellulomonas biazotea were purified by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography with a 12- and 9-fold increase in the purification factor. The native and subunit molar mass of CMCase fromA. niger were 40 and 25–57 kDa, respectively, while(More)
Determination of the apparent pK a's of purified carboxymethylcellulases fromAspergillus niger andCellulomonas biazotea at different temperatures and in the presence of dioxane indicated two side chain carboxyl groups which controlled the limiting rate in both organisms. The thermostability of both enzymes slightly decreased with increasing pH from 5 to 7.5(More)
Removal of non-covalently attached polysaccharides from carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) of Aspergillus niger improved its activity but decreased its thermostability and protease resistance. The activation energy profile of the hydrolysis of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was triphasic with increasing values of 17,-55 and-562 kJ/mol for polysaccharide-free and(More)
A digitally controlled current starved pulse width modulator (PWM) is described in this paper. The current from the power grid to the ring oscillator is controlled by a header circuit. By changing the header current, the pulse width of the switching signal generated at the output of the ring oscillator is dynamically controlled, permitting the duty cycle to(More)
A digitally controlled pulse width modulator (PWM), targeting on-chip power management applications is proposed in this paper. A current starved ring oscillator, with digitally controlled current source based headers and footers, is used to provide a versatile duty cycle and an accurate frequency control. The proposed circuit achieves i) a controlled duty(More)
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