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BACKGROUND Although the origin of cardiac myxomas is still controversial, the 2 main hypotheses are that the tumor cells originate either from multipotential mesenchymal cells or from endocardial neural tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS The production of various cytokines in 2 human cardiac myxoma cell lines was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.(More)
Hypoxia is a potent inducer of tumor angiogenesis, the process of which is mostly mediated by induction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and endothelial PAS domain protein-1 (EPAS1). These two similar but distinct basic(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare doctor-patient communications in clinical consultations via telemedicine technology to doctor-patient communications in face-to-face clinical consultations. METHOD Five doctors who had been practicing internal medicine for 8 to 18 years, and twenty patients were enrolled in this study; neither doctors(More)
OBJECTIVE Thickened atherosclerotic plaques are prone to be hypoxic because of poor perfusion. In this study, we tested (a) whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) and c-Src play roles in hypoxic induction of HIF-1alpha protein and PAI-1 gene expression in the rabbit aortic smooth muscle cell line C2/2 cells and primary cultures of rat aortic smooth muscle(More)
Expression of bone-associated proteins and osteoblastic transcription factor Runx2 in arterial cells has been implicated in the development of vascular calcification. However, the signaling upstream of the Runx2-mediated activation of osteoblastic program in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is poorly understood. We examined the effects of fibroblast(More)
Tau is an axonal microtubule-associated protein, whose dysfunction causes neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. Earlier studies have shown the interactions of tau with glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, 14-3-3zeta, protein phosphatase 1 and protein phosphatase 2A. In this study, we compared the amounts of these(More)
Endothelial PAS domain protein-1 (EPAS1) regulates transcription of the genes encoding erythropoietin and vascular endothelial growth factor, which are important for maintaining oxygen homeostasis. We have previously shown that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene expression is induced by hypoxia. In this study, we sought to determine whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Hex (hematopoietically expressed homeobox), a member of homeobox family of transcription factors, has been implicated in the vascular development because of its expression in hemangioblast, a hypothetical stem cell that gives rise to both angioblasts and hematopoietic lineages. In the present study, we examined the role of Hex in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac myxomas are generally considered benign, but malignant tumors have been reported. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenic factor, plays a role in the growth, progression, and metastasis of solid tumors and it has been reported that VEGF expression is upregulated in cardiac myxomas that have a high microvessel density. The(More)
Membrane trafficking is one of the most important mechanisms involved in the establishment and maintenance of the forms and functions of the cell. However, it is poorly understood in skeletal muscle cells. In this study, we have focused on vesicle-associated membrane proteins (VAMPs), which are components of the vesicle docking and fusion complex, and have(More)