Mahipal Singh

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of extracellular endopeptidases, are implicated in angiogenesis due to their ability to selectively degrade components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Interleukin-1 (IL-1), increased in the heart post myocardial infarction (MI), plays a protective role in the pathophysiology of left ventricular (LV) remodeling(More)
β-Adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulation increases extracellular ubiquitin (UB) levels, and extracellular UB inhibits β-AR-stimulated apoptosis in adult cardiac myocytes. This study investigates the role of exogenous UB in chronic β-AR-stimulated myocardial remodeling. l-Isoproterenol (ISO; 400 μg·kg(-1)·h(-1)) was infused in mice in the presence or absence(More)
BACKGROUND Osteopontin, also known as cytokine Eta-1, plays an important role in postmyocardial infarction remodeling by regulating collagen accumulation. Aldosterone promotes collagen synthesis and structural remodeling of the heart. The role of osteopontin in aldosterone-induced fibrosis and myocardial remodeling is unknown. Osteopontin expression and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of osteopontin (OPN) in diabetic hearts. Diabetes was induced in wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice by using streptozotocin (150 mg/kg) injection. Left ventricular (LV) structural and functional remodeling was studied 30 and 60 days after induction of diabetes. Induction of diabetes increased OPN(More)
Accumulation of misfolded proteins and alterations in calcium homeostasis induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to apoptosis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that β-AR stimulation induces ER stress, and induction of ER stress plays a pro-apoptotic role in cardiac myocytes. Using thapsigargin and brefeldin A, we demonstrate that ER(More)
Increased osteopontin (OPN) expression associates with increased myocyte apoptosis and myocardial dysfunction. The objective of this study was to identify the receptor for OPN and get insight into the mechanism by which OPN induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis. Adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) and transgenic mice expressing OPN in a myocyte-specific(More)
Increased sympathetic nerve activity to the myocardium is a central feature in patients with heart failure. Accumulation of catecholamines plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart disease. Acting via β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR), catecholamines (norepinephrine and isoproterenol) increase cardiac myocyte apoptosis in vitro and in vivo.(More)
BACKGROUND The manipulation and corrective cast application for club foot was known to be done by Kite's method. The Kite's method of manipulation (center of rotation of malaligned foot and fulcrum on cuboid) was modified by Ponseti (fulcrum on head of talus). Recently, Ponseti's method has gained popularity and vastly improved results are reported. We(More)
UNLABELLED Ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase (ATM) is a cell cycle checkpoint protein activated in response to DNA damage. We recently reported that ATM plays a protective role in myocardial remodeling following β-adrenergic receptor stimulation. Here we investigated the role of ATM in cardiac remodeling using myocardial infarction (MI) as a model. (More)