Mahipal Singh

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of extracellular endopeptidases, are implicated in angiogenesis because of their ability to selectively degrade components of the extracellular matrix. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), increased in the heart post-myocardial infarction (post-MI), plays a protective role in the pathophysiology of left ventricular (LV)(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of endoproteinases, are implicated in cardiac remodeling. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), which is increased in the heart following myocardial infarction, increases expression and activity of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and -9 (gelatinase B) in cardiac fibroblasts. Previously, we have shown that IL-1beta activates ERK1/2,(More)
Sympathetic nerve activity increases in the heart during cardiac failure. Here, we hypothesized that beta1 integrins play a protective role in chronic beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated cardiac myocyte apoptosis and heart failure. L-isoproterenol (iso; 400 microg/kg per hour) was infused in a group of wild-type (WT) and beta1 integrin heterozygous knockout(More)
Stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-AR) induces apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) via the JNK-dependent activation of mitochondrial death pathway. Recently, we have shown that inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) inhibits beta-AR-stimulated apoptosis and that the apoptotic effects of MMP-2 are possibly mediated via(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of osteopontin (OPN) in diabetic hearts. Diabetes was induced in wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice by using streptozotocin (150 mg/kg) injection. Left ventricular (LV) structural and functional remodeling was studied 30 and 60 days after induction of diabetes. Induction of diabetes increased OPN(More)
Changes in the synthesis and activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) are associated with myocardial remodeling. Here we measured the expression and activity of MMPs and TIMPs, and tested the hypothesis that increased MMP activity plays a proapoptotic role in beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR)-stimulated apoptosis of adult(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) plays an important role in left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) by promoting collagen synthesis and accumulation. This study tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition modulates post-MI LV remodeling in mice lacking OPN. Wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice were treated daily with MMP inhibitor (PD166793,(More)
Beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation induces apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVM). beta1 integrin signaling plays a protective role in beta-AR-stimulated apoptosis. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta), a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase, negatively regulates cardiac hypertrophy. Here we show that beta-AR stimulation(More)
β-Adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulation induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis and plays an important role in myocardial remodeling. Here we investigated expression of various apoptosis-related genes affected by β-AR stimulation, and examined first time the role of ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase (ATM) in cardiac myocyte apoptosis and myocardial remodeling(More)
Remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) associates with left ventricular (LV) dilation, decreased cardiac function and increased mortality. The dynamic synthesis and breakdown of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins play a significant role in myocardial remodeling post-MI. Expression of osteopontin (OPN) increases in the heart post-MI. Evidence has been(More)