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The oligodendrogenic program of progenitor cells in the adult CNS follows a sequential process of progenitor proliferation, fate choice, determination, differentiation, maturation and survival. Previously, we described a soluble activity derived from mesenchymal stem cells that induces oligodendrogenesis in adult neural progenitor cells. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder linked to expanded CAG-triplet nucleotide repeats within the huntingtin gene. Intracellular huntingtin aggregates are present in neurons of distinct brain areas, among them regions of adult neurogenesis including the hippocampus and the subventricular zone/olfactory(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Clinical and experimental evidence suggests that spreading depolarization facilitates neuronal injury when its duration exceeds a certain time point, termed commitment point. We here investigated whether this commitment point is shifted to an earlier period, when spreading depolarization is accompanied by a perfusion deficit. (More)
Depression constitutes a widespread condition observed in elderly patients. Recently, it was found that several drugs employed in therapies against depression stimulate hippocampal neurogenesis in young rodents and nonhuman primates. As the rate of neurogenesis is dramatically reduced during ageing, we examined the influences of ageing on neurogenic actions(More)
Cellular proliferation, differentiation, integration, and survival within the adult neural stem cell niche are altered under pathological conditions, but the molecular cues regulating the biology of this niche are mostly unknown. We examined the hippocampal neural stem cell niche in a transgenic rat model of Huntington disease. In this model, progressive(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family govern a wide range of mechanisms in brain development and in the adult, in particular neuronal/glial differentiation and survival, but also cell cycle regulation and neural stem cell maintenance. This clearly created some discrepancies in the field with some studies favouring neuronal(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder linked to a mutation in the huntingtin gene leading to protein aggregation in neurons. The generation of new neurons in neurogenic regions, such as the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, is affected by these aggregation(More)
Chronic exposure to stress results in a reduction of hippocampal neurogenesis and of hippocampal volume. We examined whether prolactin (PRL), a regulator of the stress response and stimulator of neurogenesis in the subventricular zone, influences neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) of chronically stressed adult C57BL/6 male mice. Chronically(More)
Adult neurogenesis has been implicated in affective disorders and the action of antidepressants (ADs) although the functional significance of this association is still unclear. The use of animal models closely mimicking human comorbid affective and anxiety disorders seen in the majority of patients should provide relevant novel information. Here, we used a(More)
In the developing and adult CNS, neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) and oligodendroglial progenitor cells (OPCs) follow an oligodendrogenic process with the aim of myelinating axons. This process is to a high degree regulated by an oligodendrogenic program (OPr) composed of intrinsic and extrinsic factors that modulate the different steps required for(More)