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Dentinal repair in the postnatal organism occurs through the activity of specialized cells, odontoblasts, that are thought to be maintained by an as yet undefined precursor population associated with pulp tissue. In this study, we isolated a clonogenic, rapidly proliferative population of cells from adult human dental pulp. These DPSCs were then compared(More)
MT1-MMP is a membrane-bound matrix metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) capable of mediating pericellular proteolysis of extracellular matrix components. MT1-MMP is therefore thought to be an important molecular tool for cellular remodeling of the surrounding matrix. To establish the biological role of this membrane proteinase we generated MT1-MMP-deficient mice by(More)
Activating missense mutations of the GNAS1 gene, encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gs), have been identified in patients with the McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS; characterized by polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café au lait skin pigmentation, and endocrine disorders). Because fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone also commonly occurs outside(More)
HYPOTHESIS A high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in soft tissue infections presents a treatment challenge. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING The San Francisco General Hospital Integrated Soft Tissue Infection (ISIS) Clinic. PATIENTS Patients treated at the ISIS Clinic from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2003. MAIN(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) transplantation may offer an efficacious method for the repair of bone defects. This approach has been developed using BMSCs expanded ex vivo in medium with fetal bovine serum (FBS). For clinical applications, however, contact of BMSCs with FBS should be minimized. We studied the effect of FBS substitutes on both(More)
Bone marrow stromal cell populations, containing a subset of multipotential skeletal stem cells, are increasingly contemplated for use in tissue engineering and stem cell therapy, whereas their involvement in the pathogenetic mechanisms of skeletal disorders is far less recognized. We compared the concentrations of stromal clonogenic cells, colony forming(More)
We report the isolation of adherent, clonogenic, fibroblast-like cells with osteogenic and adipogenic potential from the blood of four mammalian species. These cells phenotypically resemble but are distinguishable from skeletal stem cells found in bone marrow (stromal stem cells, "mesenchymal stem cells"). The osteogenic potential of the blood-borne cells(More)
BACKGROUND Techniques used to repair craniofacial skeletal defects parallel the accepted surgical therapies for bone loss elsewhere in the skeleton and include the use of autogenous bone and alloplastic materials. Transplantation of a bone marrow stromal cell population that contains osteogenic progenitor cells may be an additional modality for the(More)
Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether quantitative computed tomography (CT) can be used to estimate the extent of new bone formation in hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate (HA-TCP)-based transplants. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bone-forming transplants were generated by attaching cultured human bone marrow stromal cells to aliquots of HA-TCP particles and were placed in(More)