Mahesh A. Varia

Learn More
Hypoxia in human tumors is associated with poor prognosis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this association are poorly understood. One possibility is that hypoxia is linked to malignant progression through vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induction and the associated angiogenesis and metastasis. The present clinical study measures hypoxia(More)
Tumor cell adaptation to hypoxic stress is an important determinant of malignant progression. While much emphasis has been placed on the role of HIF-1 in this context, the role of additional mechanisms has not been adequately explored. Here we demonstrate that cells cultured under hypoxic/anoxic conditions and transformed cells in hypoxic areas of tumors(More)
PURPOSE To present issues to be considered in, and make proposals for, image-based brachytherapy for cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS The Image-Guided Brachytherapy Working Group, consisting of representatives from the Gynecology Oncology Group (GOG), Radiologic Physics Center (RPC), American Brachytherapy Society (ABS), American College of(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal hematopoietic cytokine that regulates mammalian erythropoiesis by binding to its transmembrane receptor EpoR. Recent experimental evidence suggests that the biologic effects of EPO are not limited to the regulation of erythropoiesis. In studies focusing on nonhematopoietic effects of EpoR signaling, we found high levels(More)
PURPOSE A multicenter trial of chemoradiation therapy to evaluate the feasibility of extended field radiation therapy (ERT) with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin, and to determine the progression-free interval (PFI), overall survival (OS), and recurrence sites in patients with biopsy-confirmed para-aortic node metastases (PAN) from cervical carcinoma. (More)
BACKGROUND Tumor hypoxia may be associated with treatment resistance, cell proliferation, and metastatic potential, which contribute to poor prognosis. Complementary techniques for detecting hypoxia, cell growth, and metastases are required to study these relationships. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the clinical feasibility of(More)
PURPOSE To develop an atlas of the clinical target volume (CTV) definitions for postoperative radiotherapy of endometrial and cervical cancer to be used for planning pelvic intensity-modulated radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group led an international collaboration of cooperative groups in the development of the atlas.(More)
The objective was to discover whether the oxygen-regulated protein, metallothionein, is expressed in the hypoxic cells of squamous cell carcinomas. Twenty patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix or head and neck were infused with a solution of the hypoxia marker, pimonidazole hydrochloride, at a dose of 0.5 g/m2. The following day,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The measurement of tumour oxygenation using Eppendorf oxygen-sensitive needle electrodes can provide prognostic information but the method is limited to accessible tumours that are suitable for electrode insertion. In this paper the aim was to study the relationship between such physiological measurements of tumour hypoxia and the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the distribution of hypoxia and proliferation in human squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix via an immunohistochemical approach prior to initiation of therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri received a single infusion of the 2-nitroimidazole, pimonidazole (0.5 g/m2 i.v.),(More)