Maher Kalaji

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The growth of marine Pseudomonas sp. NCIMB 2021 as continuous cultures in the presence of surfaces of AISI 316 stainless steel allowed the isolation and partial chemical characterization of exopolymers released into the culture medium (free exopolymers), as well as capsular and biofilm exopolymers. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy demonstrated(More)
A novel, nitroreductase (NTR) containing a sequence of six cysteine amino acids, enabling strong thiolate bonds to form on a gold electrode surface without the loss of enzyme activity, was genetically engineered. The enzyme was directly immobilised at a gold electrode without the need for pre-treatment of the surface with a self-assembled monolayer or a(More)
An amperometric biosensor based on genetically-modified enzymes was used for the in situ detection of trace vapours from a number of explosive compounds. The vapour samples that were generated from a purpose-built vapour generator were collected and pre-concentrated using a trap able to concentrate samples at a rate of 60-fold per minute of sampling. The(More)
Directed enzyme prodrug therapy is an extensive area of research in cancer chemotherapy. Although very promising, the current directed approaches are still hampered by inefficient enzyme expression and tumor targeting. This work investigates the viability of using metal nanoparticles as a novel delivery vehicle for prodrug-activating enzymes. Using(More)
The effects of relative humidity (40-90% RH) and varying glutaraldehyde vapour concentrations (< 0.1 ppm) on the response of an electrochemical fuel cell sensor have been investigated over time (0-400 s). These studies have identified changes in the response of the fuel cell with time after sampling. In particular, it has been found that the maximum cell(More)
A kinetic comparison between three nitroreductase enzymes isolated from the genome of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 14580 for prospective use as immobilised enzymes for explosives detection has been conducted. The genes encoding the three enzymes (yfkO [BLNfnB] encoding an NfsB-like enzyme; nfrA [BLNfrA1] and ycnD [BLNfrA2] encoding PnrA-like enzymes) have(More)
Capsular exopolymers (EPS) of the bacterium Pseudomonas sp. NCIMB 2021 are allowed to self-assemble on hydrophilic and hydrophobic gold surfaces. Tapping mode atomic force microscopy confirms the differences in the surface topography between EPS adsorbed on both surfaces. Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy indicates that the EPS surface coverage is much(More)
1 Department of Chemistry, University of Wales/Bangor, Bangor LL57 2UW, UK * School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, S t Michael’s Building, White Swan Road, Portsmouth PO1 ZDT, UK The growth of marine Pseudomonas sp. NCIMB 2021 as continuous cultures in the presence of surfaces of AlSl 316 stainless steel allowed the isolation(More)