Mahendra Pratap Singh

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PURPOSE Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at position -309 (T309G) in MDM-2 promoter induces tumor formation in the individuals possessing inherited p53 mutations. The present study was undertaken to investigate the association of MDM-2 SNP309, p53 Arg72Pro, and p53 intron-6 G/A polymorphism with total, premenopausal, and postmenopausal breast cancer(More)
Cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzymes play critical roles in estrogen metabolism. Alterations in the catalytic activity of CYP1B1 and COMT enzymes have been found associated with altered breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women in many populations. The substitution of leucine (Leu) to valine (Val) at codon 432(More)
Rifampicin and pyrogallol, besides beneficial effects, elicit hepatotoxicity in experimental animals and humans. The present investigation was undertaken to elucidate the role of drug/toxicant-metabolizing enzymes in rifampicin- and pyrogallol-induced hepatotoxicity and the effect of silymarin, a herbal antioxidant, on rifampicin- and pyrogallol-induced(More)
Oxidative stress is reported as one of the most widely accepted mechanisms of maneb (MB)- and paraquat (PQ)-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration leading to the Parkinson's disease (PD) phenotype. The study investigated the effects of silymarin, an antioxidant of plant origin, and melatonin, an indoleamine produced in all species, in MB- and(More)
The study aimed to investigate the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in maneb (MB)- and paraquat (PQ)-induced Parkinson’s disease (PD) phenotype in mouse and its subsequent contribution to lipid peroxidation. Animals were treated intraperitoneally with or without MB and PQ, twice a week for 3, 6 and 9 weeks. In some sets of experiments (9 weeks treated(More)
The main contributory factors of Parkinson's disease (PD) are aging, genetic factors, and environmental exposure to pesticides and heavy metals. CYP2D22, a mouse ortholog of human CYP2D6, is expected to participate in a chemically induced PD phenotype due to its structural resemblance with CYP2D6. Despite its expected participation in PD, its expression in(More)
Cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is involved in the 2-hydroxylation of estrogens and mammary carcinogens into 2-hydroxy catechol metabolites. Many commonly occurring single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) are reported in CYP1A1 in various populations that include, isoleucine to valine substitution at 462 codon in heme binding region in exon 7 (A to G transition(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons of the nigrostriatal pathway. Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between coffee consumption and susceptibility to PD. Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) is involved in caffeine metabolism and its clearance.(More)
The study aimed to investigate the effects of cypermethrin on biochemical, histopathological, and motor behavioral indices of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in adult rats treated with or without cypermethrin (1/10 adult dose) during postnatal days 5-19. Spontaneous locomotor activity (SLA) and rotarod tests were performed to assess motor behavior.(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder contributed by the combination of age, genetic and environmental factors. Several studies have clearly shown increase in the incidences of PD in the rural environments and hypothesized the involvement of pesticides such as paraquat and maneb in neurodegeneration. These studies have(More)