Mahendra Pandurang Darokar

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Antibacterial activity of lysergol (1) and its semi-synthetic derivatives (2-14) and their synergy with the conventional antibiotic nalidixic acid (NA) against nalidixic acid-sensitive (NASEC) and nalidixic acid-resistant (NAREC) strains of Escherichia coli were evaluated. Lysergol (1) and derivatives (2-14) did not possess antibacterial activity of their(More)
The methanolic extract of Ammannia multiflora (Lythraceae) showed significant bioenhancing activity with the antibiotic nalidixic acid. Bioassay-guided fractionation of MeOH extract resulted in the isolation of a novel compound, 2,5-bis-(3,3'-hydroxyaryl)tetrahydrofuran, named as ammaniol (5), along with 9 other known compounds (1-4, 6-10). Furthermore,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antimicrobial activity potential of the essential oil of rosemary specifically for its efficacy against the drug-resistant mutants of Mycobacterium smegmatis, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans. METHOD Antibacterial, antifungal, and drug resistance-modifying activity was evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively(More)
The purpose of present investigation was to understand the drug resistance reversal mechanism of 4-hydroxy-α-tetralone (1) isolated from Ammannia spp. along with its semi-synthetic derivatives (1a-1e) using multidrug resistant Escherichia coli (MDREC). The test compounds did not show significant antibacterial activity of their own, but in combination, they(More)
Biotransformation of antimalarial drug artemisinin by fungi Rhizopus stolonifer afforded three sesquiterpenoid derivatives. The transformed products were 1α-hydroxyartemisinin (3), 3.0%, a new compound, 10β-hydroxyartemisinin, 54.5% (4) and deoxyartemisinin (2) in 9% yield. The fungus expressed high-metabolism activity (66.5%). The chemical structures of(More)
Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) is atraditional Indian medicinal plant known for its natural nootropicaction of saponins present in large amount in its shoots. Acollection of 24 B.monnieri accessions from differentagro-climatic zones of India and an introduction from Malaysiamaintained in the field genebank at CIMAP was analysed for RAPDvariation. Among the 40(More)
In search of the effective and standardized hepatoprotective combination therapy, silymarin and standardized extract of Phyllanthus amarus has been evaluated against CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Eight groups of rats were used. The animals of group A served as normal and were given only vehicle. The animals of group B served as toxin control and(More)
Bidens pilosa is used in folk medicine for various applications due to the presence of polyacetylenes, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and others. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of different extracts of B. pilosa leaf showed potential in vitro anticancer and antimalarial activity and led to the identification of a potential marker compound,(More)
CONTEXT Cancer chemopreventive action of walnut [Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae)] has been explored. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated antiproliferative and antioxidant activities of walnut. MATERIALS AND METHODS Various fractions of walnut extract have been screened for antiproliferative activity against human cancer cell lines using the MTT assay. All(More)
Due to the high demand and low yield of the anti-malarial drug artemisinin in natural populations of Artemisia annua (Quinghao), an attempt has been made to enhance the artemisinin content through 4 cycles of recurrent selection (C(0)-C(3)) using selected genotypic and phenotypic traits. Based on their phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, the top 5%(More)