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The hemostatic dysfunction induced by cardiopulmonary bypass is due, in part, to a platelet dysfunction evidenced by a postoperative extension of the bleeding time; it leads to increased postoperative blood loss and morbidity. This study, which was conducted in 85 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass, was designed to characterize the hematologic(More)
The sulphated polysaccharides fucoidan and heparin both inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. In this study we compared their actions on mitogenesis and ERK1/ERK2 activation in human VSMC. Although they displaced cell surface [3H]-heparin binding with similar affinity, they exerted clearly distinguishable actions. Fucoidan potently(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular protein that is present in negligible amounts in normal human vasculature but occurs in significant amounts in diseased vessels. In this study, we examined the effect of TSP-1 on DNA synthesis, proliferation, and migration in human vascular smooth muscle cells grown from saphenous vein. TSP-1 (0.1 to 30(More)
Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) underlies myointimal hyperplasia, which can lead to restenosis after angioplasty and vascular surgery. We propose that some individuals have an intrinsic capacity for this exaggerated response to vascular injury, partly through decreased sensitivity to the physiological growth inhibitor heparin. We(More)
Thrombospondin-1 is a large matricellular protein that acts as a pleiotropic growth factor for human vascular smooth muscle cells, and may play a role in the progression of vascular disease. Although we have previously demonstrated the dependence of both thrombospondin-1-stimulated cell chemotaxis and proliferation on tyrosine kinases, the receptor(More)
The mechanisms of endothelial cell transplasma membrane electron transport (TMET) have not been completely identified. Redox probes such as methylene blue (MB) can be useful tools, but the complexity of their disposition upon exposure to the cells can hinder interpretation. For example, MB is reduced on the cell surface by TMET, but after entering the cell(More)
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a cytochrome P-450 4A (CYP4A) metabolite of arachidonic acid (AA) in human and rabbit lung microsomes and is a dilator of isolated human pulmonary arteries (PA). However, little is known regarding the contribution of P-450 metabolites to pulmonary vascular tone. We examined 1) the effect of two mechanistically(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to characterize the angiotensin II receptor subtype present on vascular smooth muscle cells from human saphenous vein and to assess the effect of angiotensin II on the expression of the early growth response gene c-fos and on DNA synthesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Using radioligand binding studies, we have defined the(More)
Pulmonary endothelial cells are capable of reducing certain electron acceptors at the luminal plasma membrane surface. Motivation for studying this phenomenon comes in part from the expectation that it may be important both as an endothelial antioxidant defense mechanism and in redox cycling of toxic free radicals. Pulmonary arterial endothelial cells in(More)