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A total of 12,150 cases of suspected dermatophytoses in different areas of Iran were studied between 1986 and 1991. The age groups most commonly infected were 1-9 and 20-29 years. Clinical diagnosis was confirmed in only 9345 cases by laboratory examination. Of these positive samples, 1633 cases were found to be positive by direct microscopic observation(More)
Chronic inflammation is a pathological condition characterized by continued active inflammation response and tissue destruction. Many of the immune cells including macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils are involved directly or by production of inflammatory cytokine production in pathology of chronic inflammation. From literatures, it is appear that there(More)
BACKGROUND HLA-B27 is an MHC class I molecule that is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). TNF-alpha, as an important cytokine in inflammatory joint disease, might have a role in the process of AS. This study was performed to determine HLA-B27 subtypes among Iranian patients with AS, and to investigate TNF-alpha gene polymorphisms in the(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory arthritis, which affects mainly spine and sacroiliac joints. According to recent studies, ERAP1 is the second most common candidate gene for AS susceptibility after HLA-B27. The aim of this study was to determine the association of ERAP1 gene polymorphisms with AS in Iranian population.The study group comprised(More)
Juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease in which both the genetic and environmental factors seem to be involved in the etiopathogenesis of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD-1) gene polymorphisms with JSLE susceptibility in(More)
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a costimulatory molecule expressed by activated T cells. This study was performed to investigate the allele and genotype frequencies of CTLA4 gene polymorphisms in Iranian patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). One hundred and fifty-seven patients with AS and 103 controls were included in this study.(More)
Inequalities in features and severity of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have been noticed between men and women, suggesting a possible influence of gender on disease phenotypes. Comparing disease features and characterization of gender differences in clinical features and medications could help elucidate the potential influence of gender on the severity of AS(More)
The most prominent feature of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and other diseases associated with fibrosis is the prolonged activation of fibroblasts not eliminated by apoptosis, hence characterized by accumulation of more extra cellular matrix (ECM). We tend to verify if microRNA-29a (miR-29a) as an anti-fibrotic factor could induce apoptosis in SSc fibroblasts.(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is known to have an important role in pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Polymorphisms in IL-1 gene have been associated with autoimmune reactions. This study aimed to investigate the association of GO with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-1 family (IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-1 receptor [IL-1R] and IL-1(More)