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This paper proposes a new framework for the on-line monitoring and adaptive control of automation in complex and safety-critical human-machine (HM) systems using psychophysiological markers relating to humans under mental stress. The starting point of this framework relates to the assessment of the so-called operator functional state (OFS) using(More)
Intelligent systems have appeared in many technical areas, such as consumer electronics, robotics and industrial control systems. Many of these intelligent systems are based on fuzzy control strategies which describe complex systems mathematical models in terms of linguistic rules. Since the 1980s new techniques have appeared from which fuzzy logic has been(More)
The Sheffield Intelligent Ventilator Advisor is a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system designed for intensive care ventilator management. It consists of a top-level fuzzy rule-based module to give the qualitative component of the advice, and a lower-level model-based module to give the quantitative component of the advice. It is structured to(More)
The primary objective of this paper is to put forward a general framework under which clear definitions of immune operators and their roles are provided. To this aim, a novel Population Adaptive Based Immune Algorithm (PAIA) inspired by Clonal Selection and Immune Network theories for solving multi-objective optimization problems (MOP) is proposed. The(More)
The optimisation of ventilatory support is a crucial issue for the management of respiratory failure in critically ill patients, aiming at improving gas exchange while preventing ventilator-induced dysfunction of the respiratory system. Clinicians often rely on their knowledge/experience and regular observation of the patient's response for adjusting the(More)