Mahdi M. Ramsan

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BACKGROUND The Roll Back Malaria strategy recommends a combination of interventions for malaria control. Zanzibar implemented artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for uncomplicated malaria in late 2003 and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) from early 2006. ACT is provided free of charge to all malaria patients, while LLINs are distributed free(More)
BACKGROUND Anaemia caused by iron deficiency is common in children younger than age 5 years in eastern Africa. However, there is concern that universal supplementation of children with iron and folic acid in areas of high malaria transmission might be harmful. METHODS We did a randomised, placebo-controlled trial, of children aged 1-35 months and living(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of and resistance to mebendazole (500 mg) and levamisole (40 or 80 mg), alone or in combination, for the treatment of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm infections on Pemba Island - an area exposed to periodic school-based mebendazole treatment since 1994. METHODS A randomized, placebo-controlled(More)
The development of insecticide resistance is a threat to the control of malaria in Africa. We report the findings of a national survey carried out in Tanzania in 2011 to monitor the susceptibility of malaria vectors to pyrethroid, organophosphate, carbamate and DDT insecticides, and compare these findings with those identified in 2004 and 2010. Standard(More)
BACKGROUND Studies from Asia have suggested that zinc supplementation can reduce morbidity and mortality in children, but evidence from malarious populations in Africa has been inconsistent. Our aim was to assess the effects of zinc supplementation on overall mortality in children in Pemba, Zanzibar. METHODS We enrolled 42,546 children aged 1-36 months,(More)
The distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in schoolchildren on Zanzibar Island (Unguja) was surveyed in May 2001 to test a potential correlation with the distribution of snail species of the Bulinus africanus group and to record contemporary baseline epidemiological data. Quasi-random samples of 40 schoolchildren of mixed sexes were selected from each of(More)
Malaria incidence has been reported to decrease substantially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, including the Zanzibar Archipelago in East Africa. A cohort study with an intensive follow-up on Pemba Island just before the onset of the highly successful malaria control intervention was conducted. The reported estimates of parasite prevalence and incidence can(More)
BACKGROUND Seasonal increases in malaria continue in hot spots in Zanzibar. Mass screening and treatment (MSAT) may help reduce the reservoir of infection; however, it is unclear whether rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) detect a sufficient proportion of low-density infections to influence subsequent transmission. METHODS Two rounds of MSAT using Plasmodium(More)
This study compared five methods for detecting the eggs of the human parasitic geohelminths Ascaris, Trichuris, and hookworm in infant stool, and describes the epidemiology of infection in infants from a parasite-endemic area. A total of 424 infants 5-11 months old were enrolled from three villages on Pemba Island, Zanzibar. Methods used included the(More)