Mahalingam Balasubramanian

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We propose that a simple, closed-form mathematical expression-the Wedge-Dipole mapping-provides a concise approximation to the full-field, two-dimensional topographic structure of macaque V1, V2, and V3. A single map function, which we term a map complex, acts as a simultaneous descriptor of all three areas. Quantitative estimation of the Wedge-Dipole(More)
Black single crystals of A(6)Cu(12)U(2)S(15) (A = K, Rb, Cs) have been synthesized by the reactive flux method. These isostructural compounds crystallize in the cubic space group Ia ̅3d at room temperature. The structure comprises a three-dimensional framework built from US(6) octahedra and CuS(3) trigonal planar units with A cations residing in the(More)
Material design in terms of their morphologies other than solid nanoparticles can lead to more advanced properties. At the example of iron oxide, we explored the electrochemical properties of hollow nanoparticles with an application as a cathode and anode. Such nanoparticles contain very high concentration of cation vacancies that can be efficiently(More)
A comprehensive analysis of the H(2)O structure about aqueous iodide (I(-)) is reported from molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements. This study establishes the essential ingredients of an interaction potential that reproduces the experimentally determined first-solvation shell of aqueous iodide. XAFS(More)
Tailoring nanoarchitecture of materials offers unprecedented opportunities in utilization of their functional properties. Nanostructures of vanadium oxide, synthesized by electrochemical deposition, are studied as a cathode material for rechargeable Na-ion batteries. Ex situ and in situ synchrotron characterizations revealed the presence of an(More)
Controlled photoluminescence tuning is important for the optimization and modification of phosphor materials. Herein we report an isostructural solid solution of (CaMg)x(NaSc)1-xSi2O6 (0 < x < 1) in which cation nanosegregation leads to the presence of two dilute Eu(2+) centers. The distinct nanodomains of isostructural (CaMg)Si2O6 and (NaSc)Si2O6 contain a(More)
Atomically dispersed Fe/N/C composite was synthesized and its role in controlling the oxygen evolution reaction during Li-O(2) battery charging was studied by use of a tetra(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether-based electrolyte. Li-O(2) cells using Fe/N/C as the cathode catalyst showed lower overpotentials than α-MnO(2)/carbon catalyst and carbon-only material.(More)
Little spectroscopic evidence exists in the literature describing the surface complexation of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) on kaolinite, the dominant clay mineral present in highly weathered soils of tropical and humid climates. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy data at the Cd K and Pb L(III) edges were collected on Cd- and Pb-sorbed(More)
Direct observations of structure-electrochemical activity relationships continue to be a key challenge in secondary battery research. (6)Li magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the only structural probe currently available that can quantitatively characterize local lithium environments on the subnanometer scale that(More)
The commercial introduction of the lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery nearly 25 years ago marked a technological turning point. Portable electronics, dependent on energy storage devices, have permeated our world and profoundly affected our daily lives in a way that cannot be understated. Now, at a time when societies and governments alike are acutely aware of the(More)