Mahalingam Balasubramanian

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Material design in terms of their morphologies other than solid nanoparticles can lead to more advanced properties. At the example of iron oxide, we explored the electrochemical properties of hollow nanoparticles with an application as a cathode and anode. Such nanoparticles contain very high concentration of cation vacancies that can be efficiently(More)
Little spectroscopic evidence exists in the literature describing the surface complexation of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) on kaolinite, the dominant clay mineral present in highly weathered soils of tropical and humid climates. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy data at the Cd K and Pb L(III) edges were collected on Cd- and Pb-sorbed(More)
Tailoring nanoarchitecture of materials offers unprecedented opportunities in utilization of their functional properties. Nanostructures of vanadium oxide, synthesized by electrochemical deposition, are studied as a cathode material for rechargeable Na-ion batteries. Ex situ and in situ synchrotron characterizations revealed the presence of an(More)
A comprehensive analysis of the H(2)O structure about aqueous iodide (I(-)) is reported from molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements. This study establishes the essential ingredients of an interaction potential that reproduces the experimentally determined first-solvation shell of aqueous iodide. XAFS(More)
Details of the first-shell water structure about Ag(+) are reported from a corefinement of the K- and L(2)-edge multiple scattering signal in the X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectra. Detailed fits of the Ag K-edge data that include the contributions from multiple scattering processes in the hydrated ion structure cannot distinguish between models(More)
We have demonstrated near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy as a particularly useful and effective technique for simultaneously probing the surface chemistry, surface molecular orientation, degree of order, and electronic structure of carbon nanotubes and related nanomaterials. Specifically, we employ NEXAFS in the study of(More)
Atomically dispersed Fe/N/C composite was synthesized and its role in controlling the oxygen evolution reaction during Li-O(2) battery charging was studied by use of a tetra(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether-based electrolyte. Li-O(2) cells using Fe/N/C as the cathode catalyst showed lower overpotentials than α-MnO(2)/carbon catalyst and carbon-only material.(More)
Understanding of oxidative processes such as solution-phase ozonolysis in multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) is of fundamental importance in devising applications of these tubes as components in composite materials, as well as for development of cutting and filling protocols. We present here an evaluation of various spectroscopic tools to study the(More)
Increasing lithium content is shown to be a successful strategy for designing new cathode materials. In layered Li(x)Ni(2-4x/3)Sb(x/3)O2 (x = 1.00-1.15), lithium excess improves both discharge capacity and capacity retention at 1C. Structural studies reveal a complex nanostructure pattern of Li-Sb and Ni-Sb ordering where the interface between these domains(More)
In situ hard X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at metal K-edges and soft XAS at O K-edge and metal L-edges have been carried out during the first charging process for the layered Li1-xCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode material. The metal K-edge XANES results show that the major charge compensation at the metal site during Li-ion deintercalation is achieved by the(More)