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Bacillus subtilis and most Gram positive bacteria possess four SMC like proteins: SMC, SbcC, RecN and the product of the yhaN gene, termed SbcE. SbcE is most similar to SbcC but contains a unique central domain. We show that SbcE plays a role during transformation in competent cells and in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. The phenotypes were strongly… (More)
Intense laser produced plasmas generate hot electrons which in turn leads to ion acceleration. Ability to generate faster ions or hotter electrons using the same laser parameters is one of the main outstanding paradigms in the intense laser-plasma physics. Here, we present a simple, albeit, unconventional target that succeeds in generating 700 keV carbon… (More)
Kinesin-2 is an anterograde motor involved in intraflagellar transport and certain other intracellular transport processes. It consists of two different motor subunits and an accessory protein KAP (kinesin accessory protein). The motor subunits were shown to bind each other through the coiled-coil stalk domains, while KAP was proposed to bind the tail… (More)
High-intensity ultrashort laser pulses focused on metal targets readily generate hot dense plasmas which accelerate ions efficiently and can pave way to compact table-top accelerators. Laser-driven ion acceleration studies predominantly focus on protons, which experience the maximum acceleration owing to their highest charge-to-mass ratio. The possibility… (More)
Energetic H(2) (+) ions are formed as a result of intramolecular rearrangement during fragmentation of linear alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol, hexanol, and dodecanol) induced by intense, pulsed optical fields. The laser intensity regime that is accessed in these experiments (peak intensity of 8 x 10(15) W cm(-2)) ensures multiple ionization of the… (More)
Nanoclusters are strongly ionised at 10<sup>16</sup> Wcm<sup>-2</sup> to generate even MeV ions. In a dense cluster ensemble a near 100% charge reduction of the ions to form fast neutrals is demonstrated. Neutrals atom emission is quasi-directional and neutralisation is more effective along the laser polarization.