Mahadevan Raj Rajasekaran

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Oxygen toxicity is an inherent challenge to aerobic life, including spermatozoa, the cells responsible for propagation of the species. How this toxicity affects the spermatozoan in its interactions with the ovum is still unknown. An increase in oxidative damage to sperm membranes, proteins, and DNA is associated with alterations in signal transduction(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the levels of reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and interleukins (IL) 2 and 8 in seminal plasma of infertile patients as well as to examine the possible relationship between oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines. DESIGN Semen collected from normal fertile donors, infertile men without symptoms of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) inhibit sperm movement and have been implicated in male infertility. In this study, we determined the effects of specific ROS produced by activated leukocytes on human spermatozoa and investigated their metabolic site of action. We used chemiluminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to characterize the ROS(More)
AIMS Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and have an up-regulated calcium sensitizing RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway in their vascular smooth muscle tissues. This study examined the role of RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway in bladder hyperactivity by evaluating the effect of a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) on SHR(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the pathophysiology, evaluation, and management of erectile dysfunction and infertility in spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY SELECTIONS Studies that covered various treatment options and their contraindications, complications, or side effects, including sildenafil (Viagra), intracavernosal injection therapy, topical medications and a(More)
OBJECTIVES The molecular mechanisms by which potassium induces urinary bladder hyperactivity are not clear. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis that potassium chloride (KCl)-induced bladder hyperactivity might be mediated through a calcium-sensitizing RhoA-Rho-kinase pathway in an in vivo animal model using urodynamic parameters. METHODS Two(More)
BACKGROUND Anal sphincter complex muscles, the internal anal sphincter, external anal sphincter, and puborectalis muscles, play an important role in the anal continence mechanism. Patients with symptoms of fecal incontinence have weak anal sphincter complex muscles; however, their length-tension properties and relationship to anatomical disruption have(More)
Male genital tract infections and non-specific inflammatory conditions may be associated with unexplained infertility. Previous studies have shown the presence of cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the semen of infertile men. However, the mechanism of effect of these cytokines on human sperm(More)
The length at which a muscle operates in vivo (operational length) and the length at which it generates maximal force (optimal length) may be quite different. We studied active and passive length-tension characteristics of external anal sphincter (EAS) in vivo and in vitro to determine the optimal and operational length of rabbit EAS. For the in vitro(More)
Physiological aging is a significant risk factor in the on-set of male erectile dysfunction (ED) and an imbalance in factors that modulate cavernosal smooth-muscle tone may play a role in these altered penile hemodynamic mechanisms. To evaluate the association between aging and male erectile function, we monitored neurogenic erectile response and its(More)