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BACKGROUND Operation planning in liver surgery depends on the precise understanding of the 3-dimensional (D) relation of the tumor to the intrahepatic vascular trees. To our knowledge, the impact of anatomical 3-D reconstructions on precision in operation planning has not yet been studied. HYPOTHESIS Three-dimensional reconstruction leads to an(More)
Cross-sectional imaging based on navigation and virtual reality planning tools are well-established in the surgical routine in orthopedic surgery and neurosurgery. In various procedures, they have achieved a significant clinical relevance and efficacy and have enhanced the discipline's resection capabilities. In abdominal surgery, however, these tools have(More)
OBJECTIVE The three-dimensional relation of a liver tumour to the intrahepatic vascular trees is basis of operation planning in liver surgery. Yet it has not been proven whether 3D reconstruction and further computerised processing will enhance precision of operation planning in liver surgery which has been based on the liver segment classification of(More)
OBJECTIVES Therapy monitoring in oncologic patient requires precise measurement methods. In order to improve the precision of measurements, we used a semi-automated generic segmentation algorithm to measure the size of large lung cancer tumors. The reproducibility of computer-assisted measurements were assessed and compared with manual measurements. (More)
The lack of a nocturnal decrease in blood pressure in cyclosporine-treated cardiac transplant recipients may indicate abnormalities in the mechanism(s) responsible for circadian variability in other physiologic parameters such as in circulating hormones. This possibility was addressed through repeated determinations of circulating catecholamines,(More)
PURPOSE Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and toxoplasmic encephalitis are the most frequent pulmonary and central nervous system opportunistic infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We designed a prospective study to compare the effects of aerosolized pentamidine and dapsone in the prophylaxis of these infections in(More)
The aim of this project is computer-based planning of a partial organ resection for three dimensional visualisation of anatomical structures and volumetric estimations. Using quantitative parameters for the estimation of the operation risk, the selection of patients can be further objectified. Another important effect of this project is support for surgical(More)
Full right hepatic grafts are most frequently used for adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). One of the major problems is venous drainage of segments 5 and 8. Thus, this study was designed to provide information on venous drainage of right liver lobes for operation-planning. Fifty-six CT data sets from routine clinical imaging were(More)
We present the first three reported cases of single incision (through the umbilicus) laparoscopic cholecystectomy in New Zealand. The mean operating time was 108 minutes and all patients were discharged 24 hours after the procedure; they were all satisfied with their procedure and were keen to recommend it. We also provide a review of the international(More)