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RATIONALE Atomoxetine is a potent and selective norepinephrine transporter (NET) reuptake inhibitor acting as a nonstimulant for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies had failed to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring a dose-dependent and saturable NET occupancy in human(More)
A new dopamine transporter (DAT) ligand, (E)-N-(3-iodoprop-2-enyl)-2beta-carbofluoroethoxy-3beta-(4'-methyl-phenyl) nortropane (FE-PE2I, 6), derived from PE2I (1), was prepared and found to be a potent inhibitor of rodent DAT in vitro. Compound 6 was radiolabelled with fluorine-18 (t(1/2)=109.8 min) for PET studies in monkeys. In vivo PET measurements(More)
UNLABELLED Pioneered with the invention of (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B, amyloid-β imaging using PET has facilitated research in Alzheimer disease (AD). This imaging approach has promise for diagnostic purposes and evaluation of disease-modifying therapies. Broad clinical use requires an (18)F-labeled amyloid-β radioligand with high specific and low(More)
(S,S)-2-(alpha-(2-Fluoromethoxyphenoxy)benzyl)morpholine ((S,S)-FMeNER) was found to be a selective high-affinity ligand for the norepinephrine transporter (NET). (S,S)-FMeNER) was labeled with fluorine-18 (t1/2 = 109.8 min) by O-fluoromethylation of desfluoromethoxy-(S,S)-FMeNER with [18F]bromofluoromethane. An analog, di-deuterated in the fluoromethoxy(More)
(S,S)-2-(alpha-(2-Methoxyphenoxy)benzyl)morpholine (MeNER), an O-methyl analog of the selective and potent norepinephrine transporter (NET) inhibitor, (S,S)-reboxetine, and its less active enantiomer, (R,R)-MeNER, have each been radiolabeled by O-methylation of their corresponding phenolic precursors in good yields from [(11)C]methyl iodide or [(11)C]methyl(More)
The binding of the norepinephrine transporter radioligand, (S,S)-[18F]FMeNER-D2, to human brain post-mortem was examined in vitro by whole hemisphere autoradiography. The rank order for the density of labelling was: locus coeruleus>>cortex approximately cerebellum approximately thalamus>caudate approximately putamen. The NET-selectivity of binding was(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the selectivity of (S,S)-2-(alpha-(2-methoxyphenoxy)benzyl)morpholine (MeNER) binding to norepinephrine transporters (NET). Quantitative autoradiography studies of NET binding were performed in brains of wildtype mice and those of mutant mice lacking one or two alleles of the NET gene. [3H]MeNER binding in the wildtype(More)
PURPOSE (S,S)-[(18)F]FMeNER-D(2) is a recently developed positron-emission tomography (PET) radioligand for in vivo quantification of the norepinephrine transporter system. The aim of this study was to provide dosimetry estimates for (S,S)-[(18)F]FMeNER-D(2) based on human whole-body PET measurements. METHODS PET scans were performed for a total of 6.4 h(More)
The effect of reserpine induced dopamine depletion on the binding of the putative dopamine-D3 receptor ligand, [(11)C]RGH-1756 was examined in the monkey brain with positron emission tomography (PET). In a previous series of experiments, we have made an attempt to selectively label D3 receptors in the monkey brain using [(11)C]RGH-1756. Despite high(More)
The defect in athymic nude mice with respect to T-lymphocyte number and function is accompanied by increased levels of natural cytotoxicity as well as other immune reactions with potential antitumor effects. With increasing age of immunodeficient mice the take rate of xenotransplanted tumors decreases while the number of cells with T-lymphocyte markers(More)