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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from subjects with herpes simplex encephalitis, herpes zoster, mumps meningitis and neuroborreliosis were analysed for the presence of immunoglobulin A (IgA) and G (IgG) antibodies to the corresponding four antigens. Specific intrathecal IgA antibody synthesis as manifested by an elevated index was a frequent finding.(More)
The organotrophic functions of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) have been the subject of several studies. In the more recent studies, this function has been reported in the brain. In the present study, we have measured the levels of HGF in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera from 78 patients divided into 6 different groups according to central nervous(More)
INTRODUCTION The causes for peripheral facial palsy remain obscure in many patients. Evidence exists suggesting viruses, especially those belonging to the herpesvirus group, may be causative. This study was developed to evaluate this theory. METHODS One hundred forty-seven patients with acute peripheral facial palsy of primarily unknown origin were(More)
The neurological manifestations of Lyme disease have been proposed to be partly due to cytokine-mediated immunopathological mechanisms. In this study, the number of Borrelia-specific cells secreting interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 was determined in blood and cerebrospinal fluid from patients with CNS borreliosis (n = 23), other neurological diseases (n =(More)
CSF and serum were examined in acute and convalescence phase from 56 patients with acute idiopathic peripheral facial palsy. CSF protein analysis, viral and borrelia serology were performed. Borrelia infection was found in 9/56 cases and was often associated with inflammatory CSF findings. One patient each had serological evidence for a recent or ongoing(More)
Little is known about the long-term effects of Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) infection in untreated patients with peripheral facial palsy. We investigated 12 patients with elevated serum Bb antibody levels, with a median follow-up time of 11 years, during which 3 of the 12 still exhibited intrathecal antibody production of antibodies against Bb flagellar(More)
Late stages of borrelia Lyme disease infections may be difficult to diagnose because of unspecific symptoms and unreliable laboratory tests, being too unspecific or insensitive. The T cell immune response was thus evaluated in these patients by using a sensitive ELISPOT T cell assay that detects the secretion of IFN-gamma, i.e. a T helper 1 (Th1) response(More)
Borrelia Lyme disease is a complex disorder that sometimes becomes chronic. There are contradictory reports of experimental Borrelia infections regarding which type of T cell cytokine responses, i.e. Th1 or Th2, are needed to eradicate the Borrelia spirochaetes. In human borreliosis a predominance of Borrelia-specific Th1-like responses has been shown. In(More)
To address the issue of whether Borrelia infection can be asymptomatic, blood donors with no history of borreliosis (n = 408) were screened for antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi. Seropositive individuals (n = 17) were further investigated with respect to Borrelia-specific T-cell reactivity, using an interferon-gamma ELISPOT assay. Anti-Borrelia(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic utility of anti-hsp70 antibody screening in sudden deafness. DESIGNS era from 27 patients with sudden deafness and 100 healthy blood donors were analyzed by Western blotting (WB) for the presence of antibodies against 68 kD heat shock protein (anti-hsp70). RESULTS 19% of the patient sera and 14% of the control sera(More)