Magnus M. Berglund

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Neuropeptide Y (NPY), peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) are structurally related peptides found in all higher vertebrates. NPY is expressed exclusively in neurons, whereas PYY and PP are produced primarily in gut endocrine cells. Several receptor subtypes have been identified pharmacologically, but only the NPY/PYY receptor of subtype Y1 has(More)
The neuropeptide Y (NPY) family peptides NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) bind to four G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs): Y1, Y2, Y4, and Y5. A key step in the desensitization and internalization of GPCRs is the association of the receptor with beta-arrestins. In the present study, these receptors were analyzed with respect to their(More)
Interactions of the human NPY (neuropeptide Y) receptor Y1 with the two endogenous agonists NPY and peptide YY and two non-peptide antagonists were investigated using site-directed mutagenesis at 17 positions. The present study was triggered by contradictions among previously published reports and conclusions that seemed inconsistent with sequence(More)
The three peptides pancreatic polypeptide (PP), peptide YY (PYY), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) share a similar structure known as the PP-fold. There are four known human G-protein coupled receptors for the PP-fold peptides, namely Y1, Y2, Y4, and Y5, each of them being able to bind at least two of the three endogenous ligands. All three peptides are found in(More)
Five different receptor subtypes for neuropeptide Y (NPY) have recently been cloned in mammals. We have discovered three distinct subtypes by PCR in the zebrafish, Danio rerio, and describe here one of these called zYc. The protein sequence identity is 46-51% to mammalian subtypes Y1, Y4 and Y6 and to zebrafish Ya, i.e., the same degree of identity as these(More)
Centrally administered neuropeptide Y (NPY) produces anxiolytic and orexigenic effects by interacting with Y1 and Y5 receptors that are colocalized in many brain regions. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that co-expression of Y1 and Y5 receptors results in heterodimerization, altered pharmacological properties and altered desensitization. To accomplish(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) belongs to a family of structurally related neuroendocrine peptides for which five different G-protein-coupled receptor subtypes have been cloned in mammals. To identify additional subtypes we have performed PCR with degenerate primers in different species. We describe here the cloning and pharmacological profile of a unique NPY(More)
The NPY system has a multitude of effects and is particularly well known for its role in appetite regulation. We have found that the five presently known receptors in mammals arose very early in vertebrate evolution before the appearance of jawed vertebrates 400 million years ago. The genes Y(1), Y(2) and Y(5) arose by local duplications and are still(More)
The pancreatic polypeptide-fold family of peptides consists of three 36-amino acid peptides, namely neuropeptide Y (NPY), peptide YY, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP). These peptides regulate important functions, including food intake, circadian rhythms, mood, blood pressure, intestinal secretion, and gut motility, through four receptors: Y1, Y2, Y4, and Y5.(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY) are two related 36-amino-acid peptides found in all vertebrates and are involved in many physiological processes. Five receptor subtypes have been cloned in mammals (Y1, Y2, Y4, Y5, and y6). We have recently cloned three NPY/PYY receptor subtypes in zebrafish, called Ya, Yb, and Yc. Here we report on a direct(More)