Magnus L. Elfström

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STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES To investigate relationships between coping and mental well-being with clinical relevance to spinal cord lesion (SCL). SETTING The Gothenburg Spinal Injuries Unit in Sweden. METHODS The study sample comprised 274 persons. From in-depth interviews, literature reviews, and the transactional theory of stress and(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to perform an initial validation of a Swedish translation of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM). The CORE-OM is a broad self-report instrument of psychological problems, designed as an outcome measure for evaluating the effects of psychological therapy. Participants included a(More)
The aims of this study were to investigate the impact of individual health-related quality of life (HRQL) evaluation on the attention towards symptom control and psychosocial function in advanced cancer patients. Patients with advanced lung cancer or mesothelioma who attended a pulmonary oncology outpatient clinic were randomized to either of two strategies(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the use of appropriate coping strategies has been suggested to be a key factor in determining successful adjustment to severe physical illness/disability, little systematic support for this link has been found. We investigated relationships between spinal cord lesion-related coping strategies and health-related quality of life when(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES In a previous study we found spinal cord lesion (SCL)-related coping factors to be distinctly related to levels of SCL-related psychological outcome. However, we did not control for other potentially confounding variables. In this study we investigated effects of coping strategies on psychological outcome reactions(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional, questionnaire. OBJECTIVES Coping strategies employed to manage the consequences of a spinal cord lesion (SCL) have been found to be distinctly related to emotional well-being. However, research and clinical implications have been hampered by the lack of cross-validated measures that are directly related to the lesion and its(More)
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal, multi-wave design. OBJECTIVES To investigate the contribution of sense of coherence (SOC), appraisals, and behavioural responses when predicting psychological outcomes to spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD Patients (N=237) sustaining a SCI aged 17 or above were recruited from specialist spinal injuries centres across six(More)
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal, multiple wave panel design. OBJECTIVES To investigate the degree to which current thinking in terms of early appraisals and coping predicts adjustment and quality of life outcomes after spinal cord injury, and to what degree social and demographic variables are involved. SETTING Data were analysed from 266 patients recruited(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional validation study. OBJECTIVES To adapt the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire into the Spanish language (SCL CSQ-S) and to examine the relationship between coping strategies, global quality of life and psychological adaptation. SETTING Data were collected through individuals with spinal cord injury(More)
This investigation explored strategies to cope with dental treatment used by fearful adult patients undergoing regular dental care and those with phobic avoidance. A newly constructed 20-item questionnaire entitled The Dental Coping Strategy Questionnaire (DCSQ-20) was distributed consecutively to 171 individuals with self- and dentist-reported high dental(More)