Magnus L. Elfström

Learn More
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal, multi-wave design. OBJECTIVES To investigate the contribution of sense of coherence (SOC), appraisals, and behavioural responses when predicting psychological outcomes to spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD Patients (N=237) sustaining a SCI aged 17 or above were recruited from specialist spinal injuries centres across six(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the use of appropriate coping strategies has been suggested to be a key factor in determining successful adjustment to severe physical illness/disability, little systematic support for this link has been found. We investigated relationships between spinal cord lesion-related coping strategies and health-related quality of life when(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES To investigate relationships between coping and mental well-being with clinical relevance to spinal cord lesion (SCL). SETTING The Gothenburg Spinal Injuries Unit in Sweden. METHODS The study sample comprised 274 persons. From in-depth interviews, literature reviews, and the transactional theory of stress and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional, questionnaire. OBJECTIVES Coping strategies employed to manage the consequences of a spinal cord lesion (SCL) have been found to be distinctly related to emotional well-being. However, research and clinical implications have been hampered by the lack of cross-validated measures that are directly related to the lesion and its(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to perform an initial validation of a Swedish translation of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM). The CORE-OM is a broad self-report instrument of psychological problems, designed as an outcome measure for evaluating the effects of psychological therapy. Participants included a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES In a previous study we found spinal cord lesion (SCL)-related coping factors to be distinctly related to levels of SCL-related psychological outcome. However, we did not control for other potentially confounding variables. In this study we investigated effects of coping strategies on psychological outcome reactions(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the contribution of prerehabilitation appraisals of spinal cord injury (SCI) and patient's coping strategies to the variance in functional independence postdischarge. DESIGN Longitudinal, cohort study. Patients aged 16 and older and sustaining an SCI were recruited from English- and German-speaking specialist spinal injuries(More)
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal, multi-wave panel design. OBJECTIVES To explore the changes in and the relationships between appraisals and coping with mood, functioning and quality-of-life (QOL) pre- and post-rehabilitation for acute spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING The data collected was part of an ongoing study from specialist units in selected British,(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate dental coping strategies, general anxiety, and depression in relation to regularity of dental treatment among persons with either regular dental care or phobic avoidance, whilst controlling for sociodemographic factors. Psychometric questionnaires on dental anxiety, dental coping strategies, general anxiety,(More)
Dental fear is a common and widespread problem, which can cause severe stress. Even so, most patients with dental fear undergo regular dental treatment in spite of their fear and many enjoy good oral health. The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how patients with dental fear manage to undergo dental treatment. Fourteen patients with(More)