Magnus Ivarsson

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Compared to other rat strains, the Wistar-Kyoto rats show increased amount of REM sleep, one of the characteristic sleep changes observed in depressed patients. The aims of this study were firstly to validate a simple sleep stage discriminator and then compare the effect of antidepressants on suppression of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in Wistar-Kyoto(More)
GABA(A) receptors containing α2/3 subunits are current targets in the battle to develop new pain medications, as they are expressed in the spinal cord where increasing inhibitory drive should result in analgesia. However, this approach is prone to a range of side effects including sedation, cognitive impairment, and abuse as a consequence of the widespread(More)
Insomnia is a common and disabling complaint for which there is a need for improved treatments. Successful drug discovery relies on the use of appropriate animal models to assess likely outcome in the clinic. The purpose of this study was to develop a translational, caffeine-induced model of insomnia in rats and healthy volunteers. We used sleep onset(More)
Pharmaco-electroencephalography has significant yet unrealised promise as a translatable intermediate biomarker of central pharmacodynamic activity that could help reduce Phase 2 attrition in the development of central nervous system drugs. In an effort to understand its true potential, a framework for decision-making was proposed and the utility of(More)
Incorporation of fluorine at the 4-position of an existing series of sulfonyl piperidine 5-HT2A antagonists gave compounds with increased selectivity over the IKr potassium channel. This work led to the identification of 3b, a compound that gave no increase in QTc in the anesthetized dog up to plasma levels as high as 148 microM. Furthermore, 3b has been(More)
Bradykinin B1 receptor antagonists embody a potentially novel approach for the treatment of chronic pain and inflammation. A series of 2,3-diaminopyridine B1 antagonists was optimized to have sub-nanomolar affinity and good pharmacokinetic properties. Lead compounds were shown to exhibit good efficacy in rabbit in vivo models of pain and inflammation.
Hyperarousal and sleep disturbances are common, debilitating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD patients also exhibit abnormalities in quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) power spectra during wake as well as rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the first-line(More)
The present study describes the optimisation of an autoradiography assay that provides a means to measure the in vitro potency of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH(1)) antagonists in native tissues and their ex vivo receptor occupancy. Initial localisation studies demonstrated that the MCH(1) receptor radioligand [(125)I]-S36057 bound to rat(More)
The retina is an easily accessible out-pouching of the central nervous system (CNS) and thus lends itself to being a biomarker of the brain. More specifically, the presence of neuronal, vascular and blood-neural barrier parallels in the eye and brain coupled with fast and inexpensive methods to quantify retinal changes make ocular biomarkers an attractive(More)
The dysregulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release and activation of vasopressin receptors plays an important role in disease conditions including polycystic kidney disease, congestive heart failure and dysmenorrhoea. The development of potent and selective vasopressin receptor ligands is needed to help dissect the function of the specific subtypes in(More)