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OBJECTIVES Atrial fibrillation (AF) in man has previously been shown to include a wide variety of atrial activity. Assessment of the characteristics of this arrhythmia with a commonly applicable tool may therefore be important in the choice and evaluation of different therapeutic strategies. As the AF cycle length has been shown to correlate locally with(More)
The ECG interval from the peak to the end of the T wave (Tpeak-Tend) has been used as an index of transmural dispersion of ventricular repolarization (DVR). The correlation between the Tpeak-Tend interval and the global DVR, however, has not been well-evaluated. Methods: Monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded from 51 ± 10 epicardial and 64 ± 9(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that atrial fibrillation of recent onset in man is based on a varying number of simultaneously present activation waves reentering either themselves or each other. In the present study, right atrial activation during chronic atrial fibrillation in man was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS In 16 patients with chronic(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the global sequence of repolarization over the ventricular endocardium. Disturbances in myocardial repolarization are associated with the genesis of arrhythmias. However, little is known about the global sequence of repolarization. Monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recordedfrom 61 +/- 18 LV and/or RV sites in ten(More)
BACKGROUND Epicardial mapping is a powerful tool that has enabled us to gain insight into the electrical phenomena perpetuating atrial fibrillation and has guided the design of surgical and catheter-based therapeutic strategies. However, epicardial data are acquired during abnormal physiological conditions; the patients are anaesthetized, their chests(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of monophasic action potential (MAP) mapping using a modified-tip NaviStar catheter in swine and humans. METHODS MAP mapping was performed using the modified-tip catheter at 71 +/- 21 atrial and 60 +/- 16 ventricular sites in 10 healthy pigs and at 56 ventricular sites in one patient, and using an ordinary Navi-Star(More)
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND Previous in vitro studies have suggested full repolarization of the epicardium coincides with the peak of the T wave (T(peak)) and that of the M cells coincides with the end of the T wave (T(end)). However, in vivo validation of the theory is lacking. METHODS Monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded using the CARTO mapping(More)
AIMS Although the perpetuation of several supraventricular arrhythmias is critically dependent upon intra-atrial conduction, the literature lacks detailed information on normal values of conduction velocity and degree of anisotropy. In order to explore these factors further, we have measured conduction velocities at the right atrial free wall during sinus(More)
To further clarify the mechanisms maintaining chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF), a method identifying preferable activation patterns of the atria during fibrillation, by time averaging of multiple discrete excitation vectors, was developed. Repeated recordings, each of 56 atrial bipolar electrograms simultaneously acquired during 8 s, were made at multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of upright posture compared with supine position on the dominant atrial cycle length (DACL) in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. DESIGN The power/frequency spectrum of QRST suppressed lead V1 ECG was studied in 14 patients in the supine position and during the head up tilt table test. The DACL changes were(More)