Magnus Bäck

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The seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors activated by leukotrienes are divided into two subclasses based on their ligand specificity for either leukotriene B(4) or the cysteinyl leukotrienes (LTC(4), LTD(4), and LTE(4)). These receptors have been designated BLT and CysLT receptors, respectively, and a subdivision into BLT(1) and BLT(2) receptors(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)), a potent leukocyte chemoattractant derived from the 5-lipoxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid, exerts its action by means of specific cell surface receptors, denoted BLT(1) and BLT(2). In this study, BLT(1) receptor proteins were detected in human carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques, colocalizing with markers for(More)
Leukotriene-forming enzymes are expressed within atherosclerotic lesions and locally produced leukotrienes exert pro-inflammatory actions within the vascular wall by means of cell surface receptors of the BLT and CysLT receptor subtypes. The migration and accumulation of inflammatory cells that follow leukotriene receptor activation have been implicated in(More)
The metalloproteinases (MMPs, matrixins) are zinc-containing endopeptidases involved in the metabolism of extracellular matrix as well as in the cleavage of other proteins. The MMP family currently consists of 28 enzymes with somewhat different activities. The members are in part categorized into groups according to either structure or preferred substrates(More)
Cysteinyl-leukotrienes, i.e. leukotriene (LT) C4, D4 and E4, are inflammatory mediators and potent airway- and vasoconstrictors. Two different cysteinyl-leukotriene receptors, CysLT1 and CysLT2, have been cloned and functionally characterised using potent CysLT1 receptor antagonists and the dual CysLT1/CysLT2 receptor antagonist BAY u9773. However, the rank(More)
The accumulation of immune cells during vascular inflammation leads to formation of leukotrienes (LTs). While macrophages represent a major source of LT biosynthesis in the proximity of the vascular wall, activated T lymphocytes may, in addition, play a key regulatory role on macrophage expression of LT-forming enzymes. Within the vascular wall, LTs(More)
Blood vessels are exposed to multiple mechanical forces that are exerted on the vessel wall (radial, circumferential and longitudinal forces) or on the endothelial surface (shear stress). The stresses and strains experienced by arteries influence the initiation of atherosclerotic lesions, which develop at regions of arteries that are exposed to complex(More)
OBJECTIVE The activity of eicosanoid pathways is critical to the inflammatory and immune responses that are associated with the progression of atherosclerosis. Yet, the signals that regulate these pathways are poorly understood. Here, we address whether the innate immune signals of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein (NOD) 2 affect(More)
The view of atherosclerosis as an inflammatory disease has emerged from observations of immune activation and inflammatory signalling in human atherosclerotic lesions, from the definition of inflammatory biomarkers as independent risk factors for cardiovascular events, and from evidence of low-density lipoprotein-induced immune activation. Studies in animal(More)
Contractions of guinea-pig tracheal preparations to cysteinyl-leukotrienes (LTC(4), LTD(4) and LTE(4)) were characterized in organ baths, and cysteinyl-leukotriene metabolism was studied using radiolabelled agonists and RP-HPLC separation. In the presence of S-hexyl GSH (100 microM) the metabolism of [(3)H]-LTC(4) into [(3)H]-LTD(4) was inhibited and the(More)