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In an attempt to understand the possible mechanism of chronic ethanol-induced generation of asialoconjugates in the brain and consequent behavioral abnormalities, we have studied the effects of chronic ethanol feeding to rats on the plasma membrane sialidase status in the various subcellular fractions of the brain. We determined sialidase activity using(More)
The natural plant products turmeric, β-carotene, catechin, and betel leaf extract were evaluated for their antitumor effects on mammary tumorigenesis in murine mammary tumor expressing C3H (Jax) mice and in Wistar rats treated with the chemical carcinogen 7-12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Administration of turmeric through the diet and of β-carotene,(More)
Our previous studies identified the extract of Beta vulgaris (beetroot), commercially also known as betanin, as a potent cancer chemopreventive agent in both in vitro Epstein-Barr early antigen activation assay and in an in vivo two-stage mouse lung and skin carcinogenesis. To explore this issue further, we have now investigated its cancer chemopreventive(More)
Previous cancer chemoprevention studies from our laboratories and by other investigators have demonstrated that the extract of red beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.), the FDA approved red food color E162, can be effective in suppressing the development of multi-organ tumors in experimental animals. To further explore this finding, we have compared the cytotoxic(More)
For the past several years we have been evaluating natural products as potential cancer chemopreventive agents in a short term in vitro assay involving Epstein--Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation in Raji cells promoted by phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Because of the current interest in the use of herbal remedies, we(More)
Resveratrol, sesamol, sesame oil and sunflower oil are known natural dietary components with intrinsic cancer chemopreventive potentials. As a part of our study of dietary constituents as potential cancer chemopreventive agents, we have assessed the anti-cancer potentials of these products in the promotion stage of cancer development employing the in vitro(More)
In continuation of our search for novel agents, we have investigated 29 phenothiazines and related tri-heterocyclic compounds as potential cancer chemopreventive agents in a short-term in vitro assay of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Among the evaluated(More)
As part of our screening program for cancer inhibitory agents effective specifically in the promotion stage of cancer development, we have evaluated the possible inhibitory effects of 36 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation which was induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)(More)
Hepatic steatosis and steatohepatitis are frequent results of long-term ethanol exposure. We have previously demonstrated that long-term ethanol down-regulates Galbetal, 4GlcNAc alpha2, 6-sialyltransferase (ST6Gal1), leading to defective glycosylation of a number of proteins including apolipoprotein (apo) E and apo J and the appearance of asialoconjugates(More)
We have previously shown that chronic ethanol feeding stimulates liver cytosolic sialidase (CS) and plasma membrane sialidase (PMS), whereas it decreases lysosomal membrane sialidase (LMS) activities with concomitant alterations in their relative synthetic rate in rat. To understand the molecular mechanism(s) for these changes, we have evaluated the effect(More)