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BACKGROUND Celiac disease is a T-cell mediated chronic inflammatory disorder of the gut that is induced by dietary exposure to gluten proteins. CD4+ T cells of the intestinal lesion recognize gluten peptides in the context of HLA-DQ2.5 or HLA-DQ8 and the gluten derived peptides become better T-cell antigens after deamidation catalyzed by the enzyme(More)
Analysis of the secretomes of filamentous fungi growing on insoluble lignocellulosic substrates is of major current interest because of the industrial potential of secreted fungal enzymes. Importantly, such studies can help identifying key enzymes from a large arsenal of bioinformatically detected candidates in fungal genomes. We describe a simple,(More)
Isobaric peptide labeling plays an important role in relative quantitative comparisons of proteomes. Isobaric labeling techniques utilize MS/MS spectra for relative quantification, which can be either based on the relative intensities of reporter ions in the low mass region (iTRAQ and TMT) or on the relative intensities of quantification signatures(More)
Despite the importance of microRNAs (miRs) for regulation of the delicate balance between cell proliferation and death, evidence for their specific involvement during death receptor (DR)-mediated apoptosis is scarce. Transfection with miR-133b rendered resistant HeLa cells sensitive to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα)-induced cell death. Similarly,(More)
Considerable insight into phosphoinositide-regulated cytoplasmic functions has been gained by identifying phosphoinositide-effector proteins. Phosphoinositide-regulated nuclear functions however are fewer and less clear. To address this, we established a proteomic method based on neomycin extraction of intact nuclei to enrich for nuclear(More)
The competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) and the sigX-inducing peptide (XIP) are known to induce Streptococcus mutans competence for genetic transformation. For both pheromones, direct identification of the native peptides has not been accomplished. The fact that extracellular XIP activity was recently observed in a chemically defined medium devoid of(More)
Celiac disease is caused by intolerance to cereal gluten proteins, and HLA-DQ molecules are involved in the disease pathogenesis by presentation of gluten peptides to CD4+ T cells. The α- or β-chain sharing HLA molecules DQ2.5, DQ2.2, and DQ7.5 display different risks for the disease. It was recently demonstrated that T cells of DQ2.5 and DQ2.2 patients(More)
Apoptosis is the most commonly described form of programmed cell death, and dysfunction is implicated in a large number of human diseases. Many quantitative proteome analyses of apoptosis have been performed to gain insight in proteins involved in the process. This resulted in large and complex data sets that are difficult to evaluate. Therefore, we(More)
UNLABELLED In order to better understand the cellular responses to the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin and the mechanisms leading to apoptosis and potential side effects, we performed a SILAC-based quantitative phosphotyrosine analysis of Jurkat T cells exposed to cisplatin. Signaling molecules in the T cell receptor (TCR) pathway were enriched among(More)
Tuberculosis is an ancient disease that remains a significant global health problem. Because many membrane and membrane-associated proteins of this pathogen represent potential targets for drugs, diagnostic probes or vaccine components, we have analysed Mycobacterium bovis, bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) substrain Moreau, using Triton X-114 for extraction(More)