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Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome (AGS) is a genetic encephalopathy whose clinical features mimic those of acquired in utero viral infection. AGS exhibits locus heterogeneity, with mutations identified in genes encoding the 3'-->5' exonuclease TREX1 and the three subunits of the RNASEH2 endonuclease complex. To define the molecular spectrum of AGS, we performed(More)
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is a mendelian mimic of congenital infection and also shows overlap with systemic lupus erythematosus at both a clinical and biochemical level. The recent identification of mutations in TREX1 and genes encoding the RNASEH2 complex and studies of the function of TREX1 in DNA metabolism have defined a previously unknown mechanism(More)
Adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADARs) catalyze the hydrolytic deamination of adenosine to inosine in double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and thereby potentially alter the information content and structure of cellular RNAs. Notably, although the overwhelming majority of such editing events occur in transcripts derived from Alu repeat elements, the biological(More)
BACKGROUND Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is an inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in any of six genes (TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, and ADAR). The disease is severe and effective treatments are urgently needed. We investigated the status of interferon-related biomarkers in patients with AGS with a view to future use in diagnosis(More)
We report an 11-year-old boy with a slight developmental delay and epilepsy. After he was placed on valproate, he developed hepatic failure and increasing neurologic symptoms, including epilepsia partialis continua, and died. Autopsy findings in liver and cerebrum were consistent with progressive neuronal degeneration of childhood with liver disease, also(More)
BACKGROUND Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one of the most severe muscle diseases to affect children. In the last twenty years, treatments have been established that have significantly improved patients' quality of life and life expectancy. The purpose of this article is to outline the main features of the disease and its treatment, and to examine possible(More)
Brain, liver, and adipose lipids were studied in the postmortem tissues of four adrenoleukodystrophy patients who had been treated with a mixture of glyceryl trioleate and trierucate olis (“Lorenzo's Oil”) and compared to 7 untreated ALD patients and 3 controls. The dietary therapy appeared to reduce the levels of saturated very long chain fatty acids in(More)
Cerebral thrombotic microangiopathy was found at autopsy in one of two sisters with Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, whereas the other revealed increased serum levels of anticardiolipin IgG antibodies (measured only in the living sister); both typical features of systemic lupus erythematosus. These findings add support to the suggestion that Aicardi-Goutieres(More)
Mutations in the FKRP (Fukutin Related Protein) gene produce a range of phenotypes including Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2I (LGMD2I). In order to investigate the prevalence, the mutation spectrum and possible genotype-phenotype correlation, we studied a cohort of Norwegian patients with LGMD2I, ascertained in a 4-year period. In this retrospective(More)
The encephalomyopathic mtDNA depletion syndrome with methylmalonic aciduria is associated with deficiency of succinate-CoA ligase, caused by mutations in SUCLA2 or SUCLG1. We report here 25 new patients with succinate-CoA ligase deficiency, and review the clinical and molecular findings in these and 46 previously reported patients. Of the 71 patients, 50(More)