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The dispersal of Phlebotomus ariasi was studied in mark-release-recapture experiments in the summer of 1980 in a valley on the north-eastern slopes of the Oiselette range in the Cévennes mountains, in the commune of Roquedur, Gard, 50 km north of Montpellier, France. More than 5,000 specimens of P. ariasi were marked with fluorescent powders and released in(More)
Confirmation of the existence of a persistent, uninucleate, dormant pre-erythrocytic stage, the hypnozoite, of the relapsing simian malaria parasite, Plasmodium cynomolgi bastianellii, has been obtained by means of experiments involving the intravenous injection into susceptible monkeys of 48 to 85 x 10(6) sporozoites derived from mosquitoes of a different(More)
Assessment of the resilience of canine leishmaniasis to control or, more ambitiously, the effort needed to eradicate infection, requires an estimate of the basic case reproduction number (R0). This paper applies the theoretical results of Hasibeder, Dye & Carpenter (1992) to data from a cross-sectional survey on the Maltese island of Gozo in which dogs of(More)
The relationships between intestinal parasitism and excreta disposal technologies in Gaborone (Botswana), Ndola (Zambia) and Kumasi (Ghana) were investigated. Parasitic prevalence and intensity rates amongst groups of urban residents having similar socio-economic status and housing, but different excreta disposal technologies, were compared. In Gaborone,(More)
The aim of this study was to examine specialized face processing in forty-eight 4.5- to 7.5-month-old infants by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) in response to faces and toys, and to determine the cortical sources of these signals using realistic, age-appropriate head models. All ERP components (i.e., N290, P400, Nc) showed greater amplitude(More)
Previous work in this laboratory has demonstrated the ability of the immunofluorescence technique to detect pre-erythrocytic stages of the primate malaria parasite, Plasmodium cynomolgi bastianellii, in hepatic tissue obtained as early as 48 hours after sporozoite inoculation. In an attempt to visualize still earlier post-sporozoite stages, hepatic tissue(More)
Engorged sandflies were collected using 58 CDC light traps set up nightly for 5 weeks at 12 stations in the commune of Roquedur, Gard, France, in the Cévennes focus of leishmaniasis. Of 782 engorged females, 593 were Phlebotomus ariasi, 3 were P. mascittii and 186 were not identified. Using the precipitin ring test and counter-current(More)
Post-transplant protocols for hepatitis B (HBV) prophylaxis using high-dose intravenous hepatitis B immune globulin (10,000 IU) with or without lamivudine are commonly reported. Our centre has previously reported a low-dose intramuscular (i.m.) protocol and lamivudine with excellent results. There have been, however, no pharmacokinetic studies of i.m.(More)