Magela Laviña

Learn More
Urinary tract infections are among the most common infectious diseases encountered in humans and Escherichia coli is their leading etiologic agent. Uropathogenic E. coli encompasses a group of bacteria possessing a variable virulence gene assortment. It is generally agreed that many urovirulence factors remain to be discovered and that this information is(More)
Microcins are gene-encoded peptide antibiotics produced by enterobacteria that act on strains of gram-negative bacteria. In this work, we concentrated on higher-molecular-mass microcins, i.e., those possessing 60 or more amino acids. They can be subdivided into unmodified and posttranslationally modified peptides. In both cases, they exhibit conserved(More)
Microcin H47 (MccH47) is a gene-encoded peptide antibiotic produced by an Escherichia coli clinical isolate which is active on strains of gram-negative bacteria. Its uptake by E. coli K-12-susceptible cells depends on the presence of any of the outer membrane proteins Cir, Fiu, and FepA, the three catechol receptors of this organism. The nucleotide sequence(More)
Genomic islands are DNA regions containing variable genetic information related to secondary metabolism. Frequently, they have the ability to excise from and integrate into replicons through site-specific recombination. Thus, they are usually flanked by short direct repeats that act as attachment sites, and contain genes for an integrase and an excisionase(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) comprise a heterogeneous group of strains. In a previous epidemiological survey performed on 230 UPEC isolates, five virulence profiles were described, each one defined by the presence of some virulence determinants and by the absence of others. Phylogenetic groups and antibiotic resistances distributed non-randomly(More)
Microcins are ribosomally synthesized peptide antibiotics that are produced by enterobacterial strains. Although the first studies concentrated on plasmid-encoded activities, in the last years three chromosome-encoded microcins have been described: H47, E492, and M. Here, a new microcin, I47, is presented as a fourth member of this group. Common features(More)
It had been previously determined that the presence of F(o)F(1) ATP synthase was required for microcin H47 antibiotic action. In this work, microcin-resistant atp mutants were genetically analyzed. Their mutations, originated by Tn5 insertion, in all cases were found to affect determinants for the F(o) portion of ATP synthase. To discern if microcin action(More)
Computer based sleep analysis focuses on the automatic detection of sleep stages based on sleep EEG, EOG and EMG. Cardiovascular polysomnography includes the recording and analysis of non-EEG signals, such as respiratory and cardiovascular parameters. The required signals are defined by the disorders to be diagnosed, such as disordered breathing during(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli is the leading etiologic agent of urinary tract infections, encompassing a highly heterogeneous group of strains. Although many putative urovirulence factors have been described, none of them appear in all uropathogenic E. coli strains, a fact that suggests that this group would be composed of different pathogenic subgroups.(More)
RecA-independent recombination events between short direct repeats, leading to deletion of the intervening sequences, were found to occur in two genetic models in the Escherichia coli K12 background. The first model was a small E. coli genomic island which had been shown to be mobile in its strain of origin and, when cloned, also in the E. coli K12 context.(More)
  • 1