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Anaemia is considered a serious public health problem in Egypt, although updated population-based data are lacking. Similarly, data on prevalence and intensity of infection with intestinal parasites, which are considered one possible cause of anaemia, are available only from small, unrepresentative sample surveys. The present research was implemented on an(More)
The interactions between the nervous and immune systems have been recognized in the development of neurodegenerative disease. This can be exploited through detection of the immune response to autoantigens in assessing the neurotoxicity of environmental chemicals. To test this hypothesis, the following questions were addressed. a) Are autoantibodies to(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the cytogenetic changes induced in humans exposed to styrene in a reinforced plastics plant. Blood and urine samples were collected from 18 styrene exposed workers and 18 age and sex matched control subjects from the administrative department of the same factory. Chromosome aberrations (CAs) and micronuclei (MN)(More)
The process of urbanisation taking place in most developing countries is creating favourable conditions for an increase in prevalence of infections, especially with intestinal parasites, in the marginal areas of the towns. The present study was implemented in 1996 to assess the varying prevalence and intensity of infection among young workers in urban and(More)
Somatic cell mutation in human peripheral lymphocytes is one of the tools used recently in the biological monitoring of the work environment. The scope of this review was to test whether biomonitoring methods are sensitive to the presence of mercury (Hg) in the body. We used the following techniques: micronucleus frequency (MN), sister chromatid exchanges(More)
An expanded follow-up assessment of the autoantibody response to neuronal and astroglial autoantigens (NF68; NF160; NF200; MBP; GFAP) as early markers of neurotoxicity was performed in male workers exposed to lead (Pb) of a battery factory (n=50) and a matched reference group (R) of workers at a food packing plant (n=39). Mean age, years of exposure and(More)
The present study was aimed for the effects of exposure to multiple organic solvent vapors in comparison with single exposure to phenol. It included 20 workers exposed to phenol alone and 32 workers of combined exposure to phenol, benzene, toluene and methyl ethyl ketone. A control group of 30 subjects was also included. The levels of transaminases, total(More)
In a cross-sectional survey, we investigated exposure to and the presence of factors associated with anaemia, such as socioeconomic conditions, dietary habits, intestinal parasitic infections and lead among 355 young male workers (7-19 years of age) employed in private workshops. Of the total study sample, 44.5% (158 participants) were found to be anaemic.(More)
  • M Y Shamy
  • 1993
Comutagenic or cocarcinogenic activities have been reported between nickel compounds and UV light. The presence of micronuclei in a binucleated lymphocyte is regarded as an alternative to classical cytogenic methods for monitoring chromosomal damage. The present study aimed to detect this comutagenicity as regards micronuclei induction. Human peripheral(More)
Occupational exposure to lead or mercury was found to make protein better antigens. The production of autoantibodies to nervous system protein is one example of such effect. The present study aims to detect the possibility of induction of antisperm autoantibodies due to occupational exposure to lead or mercury. Male workers exposed to lead (n = 50) or to(More)