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The Task Force on the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology artj.oxdjournals.o Task Force members, Bernhard Maisch, Chairperson* (Germany), Petar M. Seferovi c (Serbia and Montenegro), Arsen D. Risti c (Serbia and Montenegro), Raimund Erbel (Germany), Reiner Rienm€ uller (Austria), Yehuda Adler (Israel),(More)
Through cardiac looping during embryonic development, paths of flow through the mature heart have direction changes and asymmetries whose topology and functional significance remain relatively unexplored. Here we show, using magnetic resonance velocity mapping, the asymmetric redirection of streaming blood in atrial and ventricular cavities of the adult(More)
Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a potentially lethal disorder, because the elevation of the pulmonary arterial pressure may result in right-heart failure. Histologically, the disorder is characterized by proliferation of pulmonary-artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells, by intimal hyperplasia, and by in situ thrombus formation. Heterozygous(More)
Congestive heart failure is associated with a high risk of life-threatening ventricular re-entrant arrhythmias. Down-regulation of the principal gap-junctional protein of the ventricular myocytes, connexin43, has previously been implicated in arrhythmia in ischaemic heart disease, but it is not known whether connexin43 is similarly reduced in heart failure(More)
Cardiac valve interstitial cells (ICs) are a heterogeneous and dynamic population of specific cell types that have many unique characteristics. They are responsible for maintaining the extracellular scaffold that provides the mechanical characteristics vital for sustaining the unique dynamic behaviour of the valve. A number of cellular phenotypes can be(More)
To identify genetic factors influencing cardiac conduction, we carried out a genome-wide association study of electrocardiographic time intervals in 6,543 Indian Asians. We identified association of a nonsynonymous SNP, rs6795970, in SCN10A (P = 2.8 × 10−15) with PR interval, a marker of cardiac atrioventricular conduction. Replication testing among 6,243(More)
To generate an ''off the shelf'' tissue-engineered heart valve, the cells would need to be of allogeneic origin. Here, we report the possibility of using human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a suitable allogeneic cell source for tissue-engineered heart valves. Proliferative responses of primary and primed CD4+ T cells to allogeneic(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with severe heart failure, prolonged unloading of the myocardium with the use of a left ventricular assist device has been reported to lead to myocardial recovery in small numbers of patients for varying periods of time. Increasing the frequency and durability of myocardial recovery could reduce or postpone the need for subsequent(More)
OBJECTIVES Allografts offer many advantages over prosthetic valves, but allograft durability varies considerably. METHODS From 1969 through 1993, 618 patients aged 15 to 84 years underwent their first aortic valve replacement with an aortic allograft. Concomitant surgery included aortic root tailoring (n = 58), replacement or tailoring of the ascending(More)