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BACKGROUND The burden of shigellosis is greatest in resource-poor countries. Although this diarrheal disease has been thought to cause considerable morbidity and mortality in excess of 1,000,000 deaths globally per year, little recent data are available to guide intervention strategies in Asia. We conducted a prospective, population-based study in six Asian(More)
OBJECTIVE To inform policy-makers about introduction of preventive interventions against typhoid, including vaccination. METHODS A population-based prospective surveillance design was used. Study sites where typhoid was considered a problem by local authorities were established in China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Viet Nam. Standardized clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND Cholera remains an important public health problem. Yet there are few reliable population-based estimates of laboratory-confirmed cholera incidence in endemic areas around the world. METHODS We established treatment facility-based cholera surveillance in three sites in Jakarta (Indonesia), Kolkata (India), and Beira (Mozambique). The annual(More)
BACKGROUND In preparation of vaccines trials to estimate protection against shigellosis and cholera we conducted a two-year community-based surveillance study in an impoverished area of North Jakarta which provided updated information on the disease burden in the area. METHODS We conducted a two-year community-based surveillance study from August 2001 to(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and hospitalization among children. While less often reported in adults, gastrointestinal symptoms have been associated with influenza in children, including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. METHODS From September 2005 and April 2008, pediatric patients in Indonesia presenting with(More)
This study was undertaken to develop a model to predict the incidence of typhoid in children based on adults' perception of prevalence of enteric fever in the wider community. Typhoid cases among children, aged 5-15 years, from epidemic regions in five Asian countries were confirmed with a positive Salmonella Typhi culture of the blood sample. Estimates of(More)
ST1-t127 MRSA clinical strains and of 1 nasal strain belonging to ST398 lineage. Nasal colonization by different ST398 genetic lineages and by other lineages of MRSA as ST1-t127 seems to be frequent in persons living in close proximity to farm animals. Dissemination of MRSA ST398 (and probably also MRSA ST1) in humans who have contact with farm animals, is(More)
INTRODUCTION We undertook a prospective community-based study in North Jakarta, Indonesia, to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, seasonality, etiologic agent, and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of enteric fever. METHODOLOGY Following a census, treatment centre-based surveillance for febrile illness was conducted for two-years.(More)
This is a correction of an earlier published article. Text After the publication of this work[1], we became aware that the our description of the methods used to identify Shigella spp. did not describe the identification of a subset of Shigella spp. which were untypeable with commercial sera. which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in(More)
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