Magdalena S Rosell

Learn More
Vegetarian diets do not contain meat, poultry or fish; vegan diets further exclude dairy products and eggs. Vegetarian and vegan diets can vary widely, but the empirical evidence largely relates to the nutritional content and health effects of the average diet of well-educated vegetarians living in Western countries, together with some information on(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM This study examined the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its association to lifestyle factors in 60-year-old men and women, with special emphasis on physical activity (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS Every third 60-year-old man and woman in the Stockholm County, Sweden, was invited to a survey of cardiovascular risk factors.(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans. OBJECTIVES We compared plasma fatty acid composition in meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans and examined(More)
Fatty acid composition of serum lipids and adipose tissue triacylglycerols (AT-TAG) partly reflect dietary fatty acid intake. The fatty acid composition is, besides the diet, also influenced by desaturating enzymes that can be estimated using product-to-precursor fatty acid ratios. The interrelationships between desaturase indices derived from different(More)
BACKGROUND Underreporting is a common problem in dietary surveys. Few studies have shown the implication of this when investigating diet-disease relations. OBJECTIVE We investigated how underreporting affects the associations between dietary factors and the metabolic syndrome. DESIGN Dietary intake measured with a 7-d food record, fasting insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether life-long adherence to a vegetarian diet is associated with adult height, age at menarche, adult body weight and body mass index (BMI), used as indicators of growth, development and obesity, in a large sample of adults. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional study. Anthropometric data and information on age, ethnicity,(More)
A predominance of small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles is a well-established component of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype associated with insulin resistance and increased risk for coronary heart disease. However, the influence of diet on LDL particle size distribution is not clear. We investigated (cross-sectionally) the relations between LDL profile and(More)
BACKGROUND Dairy foods may play a role in the regulation of body weight. OBJECTIVE We examined the association between changes in dairy product consumption and weight change over 9 y. DESIGN The study was conducted in 19 352 Swedish women aged 40-55 y at baseline. Data on dietary intake, body weight, height, age, education, and parity were collected in(More)
The relative contents of the fatty acids 14 : 0, 15 : 0 and 17 : 0 in serum and adipose tissue may be used as biological markers of dairy fat intake. However, the determinants of these fatty acids are not fully understood. This study investigates the relationship between these fatty acids and the intake of macronutrients and physical activity in a(More)
BACKGROUND Intake of fish oil and oily fish has been reported to improve clinical symptoms in people who have rheumatoid arthritis. Whether the intake of oily fish and fish oil might also protect against the development of rheumatoid arthritis is not known. OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between intake of oily fish and fish oil supplements and(More)